33 castles were described. Last update: GNIEW 29.11.2020






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O

ld castles. Pearls of the Middle Ages. Witnesses of the past, ro­man­tic and full of mys­ter­ies, have been at­tract­ing hu­man eye­sight and arous­ing emo­tions for a long time. Re­gard­less of whether they were ris­ing on in­ac­ces­si­ble hills or occu­py­ing low­land mead­ows among muds or riv­er flood­plains, they in­vari­ably in­flu­enced hu­man imag­i­na­tion. Some were in­tro­duced to the ir­ra­tional world, so dif­fer­ent from the ev­ery­day and or­der­ly lives of or­di­nary peo­ple. For oth­ers, it brought to mind mem­o­ries of the splen­dour of the col­lapsed walls and cas­tle build­ings, which used to be ei­ther pow­er­ful roy­al fort­ress­es or the seats of ex­cel­lent knight­ly fam­i­lies of his­tor­i­cal Poland.

T

oday, these buildings are a material legacy of architecture, a proof of the rich­ness of the past, a rea­son for great pride. Of­ten ru­ined, aban­doned, func­tion­al­ly use­less, they now play the role of un­ques­tion­able dis­tin­guish­ing fea­tures of the cul­tur­al land­scape, an­chors of mem­o­ry strength­en­ing the feel­ing of lo­cal, re­gion­al and na­tion­al iden­ti­ty. Some of these won­der­ful me­men­toes of the past have been tak­en care of by the Pol­ish State or its cit­i­zens, some of them live in the con­scious­ness of mil­lions, they be­come a des­ti­na­tion for thou­sands and a sym­bol with­out which it would be dif­fi­cult to imag­ine the his­tor­i­cal im­age of our coun­try. Oth­ers were less for­tu­nate. De­prived of care, shame­ful­ly hid­den among the green­ery of old parks and gar­dens, they stand de­stroyed and for­got­ten, jeal­ous­ly guard­ing se­crets that few of us have ev­er known.

That website is trying to change it.




T

he publishing market, rich in castle literature and numerous websites and publications, tes­ti­fy to the great so­cial in­ter­est in this type of top­ics. This does not sur­prise me. Cas­tles and their ru­ins have ceased to be the do­main of his­to­ri­ans or groups of en­thu­si­asts. To­day, they oc­cu­py an ex­posed places on maps and in guide­books, be­com­ing the des­ti­na­tion of in­creas­ing num­bers of tourists re­dis­cov­er­ing the charms of beau­ti­ful Pol­ish land­scapes.

P

reparing the content I wanted to meet your expectations. How­ev­er, I do not want to copy the so­lu­tions al­ready ex­ist­ing - break­ing with gen­er­al scheme treat­ing the sub­ject in an en­cy­clopaedic way and re­quir­ing the read­er to pre­pare in a giv­en field, I want to com­bine the care for the pre­ser­va­tion of his­tor­i­cal truth with func­tion­al­i­ty im­por­tant for un­der­stand­ing by a wide au­di­ence, so that the con­tent pub­lished here can meet the ex­pec­ta­tions of the read­er at dif­fer­ent ages, re­gard­less of his knowl­edge and ed­u­ca­tion. Pre­par­ing this web­side I feel re­spon­si­ble for shap­ing at­ti­tudes and de­vel­op­ing his­tor­i&­cal con­scious­ness.




I

can assure you that you will not find here, dear read­er, mind­less­ly copied books. I used lit­er­a­ture, of course, with­out it this web­site would nev­er have been cre­at­ed, but I tried to en­rich the con­tent of many pub­li­ca­tions with in­for­ma­tion ac­quired from ex­pe­ri­ence. Apart from his­tor­i­cal facts and dates, short bi­ogra­phies and ba­sics of ar­chi­tec­ture, I de­cid­ed to pre­sent the cur­rent sit­u­a­tion of the cas­tles, their le­gal sta­tus, pos­si­bil­i­ties of vis­it­ing them, cu­riosi­ties, leg­ends and ad­di­tion­al at­trac­tions or lack there­of, as well as a brief de­scrip­tion of how to reach them. I have per­son­al­ly at least once vis­it­ed each of the cas­tles de­scribed on this web­site, which should guar­an­tee sat­is­fac­to­ry stan­dard of re­li­a­bil­i­ty, al­though of course no one is in­fal­li­ble. If you come across a mis­take or mis­rep­re­sen­ta­tion, I ask for un­der­stand­ing - I al­so have the right to make a mis­take.

F

inally, I would like to make it clear that all descriptions on this website are sub­jec­tive. I am not a his­to­ri­an and I do not in­tend to pre­tend to be an au­thor­i­ty. The pur­pose of this pub­li­ca­tion is to in­ter­est you in the sub­ject mat­ter, en­cour­age you to vis­it the polish cas­tles and - a little bit - to sat­is­fy my ego. I sin­cere­ly in­vite you to read­ing.


Jacek Bednarek - author



29.11.2020 ... castle in Gniew

The building of brick castle began in 1283, shortly after the Duke of Gdansk Mści­woj II do­nat­ed the land of Gniew to Teu­ton­ic Or­der. For the fri­ars, it was the first ter­ri­to­ri­al bridge­head on the left bank of Vis­tu­la Riv­er, so they im­me­di­ate­ly be­gan to for­ti­fy these very eas­i­ly con­quered ar­eas...more


13.11.2020 ... castle in Międzylesie

The oldest known fortified set­tle­ment in Me­di­le­se was pro­ba­bly e­sta­bli­shed in the se­cond half of the 9th cen­tu­ry. Ini­tial­ly, it was a wood­en buil­ding, which was re­pla­ced by a brick cas­tle in the first half of the 14th cen­tu­ry. This pro­ba­bly took pla­ce after the lo­cal pro­per­ties was bought out from the Cis­ter­cians...more


30.09.2020 ... castle in Świny

The history of settlement in Świny da­tes back at least to the 11th cen­tu­ry, when a wood­en for­ti­fied cast­le was e­rec­ted he­re to guard the tra­de ro­ad to Bo­he­mia. Pos­sib­ly it re­pla­ced an old­er, early me­die­val ham­let, which, ac­cor­ding to so­me re­se­arch­ers, was sup­po­sed to be lo­ca­ted in the east­ern part of cast­le hill un­til it was de­stro­yed by Czech troops...more


7.09.2020 ... castle Szczerba

History of the castle remains a mystery to a lar­ge ex­tent, as few sour­ce do­cu­ments ha­ve been pre­ser­ved a­bout it. The foun­der of the cas­tle and the ti­me when it was e­rec­ted is al­so un­known. Ac­cor­ding to le­gends, al­re­ady du­ring the reign of po­lish king Bo­le­slaw Chro­bry the­re was a small wood­en strong­hold he­re...more


30.08.2020 ... castle in Niemodlin

The origins of the castle in Niemodlin, which is currently one of the lar­gest and best pre­ser­ved me­die­val re­si­den­ces in the Opo­le re­gion, da­te back to the per­iod be­fo­re 1228, that is be­fo­re the hand­over of the set­tle­ment by Ka­zi­mierz I to Kle­mens Gry­fi­ta as a com­pen­sa­tion for the fi­nan­cial ef­fort ma­de by Gry­fi­ta...more


11.07.2020 ... castle in Piotrków Trybunalski

No documents have survived to the present day that would clear­ly in­di­ca­te the exis­ten­ce of a me­die­val ro­yal se­at in Piotr­ków. Ho­we­ver, we can le­arn from other sour­ces that per­haps in cas­trum Pyotr­kow, still wood­en and re­mem­be­ring the ti­mes of Ca­si­mir the Great, knight­ly con­gre­ga­tions we­re held, Wła­dy­sław Ja­gieł­ło is­su­ed ro­yal acts...more


12.06.2020 ... castle in Sanok

Sanok is mentioned for the first time in Ipa­tiew­ski Ko­deks in 1150 whe­re oc­cu­pa­tion of Czer­wień­skie Gro­dy by the Hun­gar­ian king Gej­za II was re­por­ted. Its exis­ten­ce was re­cor­ded on­ce a­gain in 1205 on the oc­ca­sion of a meet­ing held he­re be­tween the Hun­gar­ian king An­drew II and An­na Eu­fro­zy­na, the wi­dow of prin­ce Ro­man Ha­lic­ki...more


23.05.2020 ... castle Dybów

The victory of united Polish-Lith­ua­nian for­ces in the Bat­tle of Grun­wald per­ma­nent­ly stop­ped the ter­ri­to­rial ex­pan­sion of Teu­to­nic Or­der. It did not, ho­we­ver, we­aken ag­gres­si­ve po­li­cy of the Or­der, who, feel­ing sa­fe in their cas­tles, car­ried out nu­me­rous brief in­va­sions, cle­ar­ly a­void­ing con­fron­ta­tions in the o­pen field...more


19.04.2020 ... castle in Toruń

The story about the fact, that in 1228 Kon­rad Ma­zo­wie­cki in­vi­ted the Teu­to­nic Or­der to Po­land, was pro­ba­bly he­ard by e­ve­ry child. Few pe­ople know, ho­we­ver, that the Teu­to­nic Knights' troop, which then ca­me to set­tle the Chelm­no Land, de­va­sta­ted by the Prus­sians, con­sis­ted of on­ly two knights and a small group of sold­iers!...more


2.04.2020 ... castle in Siedlęcin

The massive silhouette of the Go­thic to­wer in lit­tle Sie­dle­cin vil­la­ge has al­re­ady be­co­me a per­ma­nent fe­atu­re of the West­ern Su­de­ten­land his­to­ri­cal ar­chi­te­ctu­re. Its ex­cel­lent con­di­tion and uni­que cha­ra­cter of the wall paint­ings de­co­ra­ting its in­ter­ior ma­ke it one of the most re­co­gni­za­ble e­le­ments of the his­to­ri­cal le­ga­cy of Je­le­nia Gó­ra re­gion...more


21.03.2020 ... castle in Muszynia

Historians and researchers of the Mid­dle Ages in­ter­pret the be­gin­nings of de­fen­se-re­la­ted ar­chi­te­ctu­re in Mu­szy­na dif­fe­ren­tly. Ac­cor­ding to tra­di­tion, in this one of the old­est set­tle­ments in the Pod­kar­pa­cie re­gion, the for­ti­fied cas­tle was built by Du­ke Wla­dy­slaw Lo­kie­tek or on­ly as a re­sult of ro­yal foun­da­tion of Ca­si­mir the Gre­at...more


11.03.2020 ... castle Książ

According to one of the many popular le­gends re­fer­ring to the hi­sto­ry of the ca­stle Ksiaz in Lo­wer Si­le­sia, the first strong­hold in this pla­ce was built in the midd­le of the 10th cen­tu­ry by a knight na­med Fun­ken­stein. When he was still a young boy, he was sup­po­sed to gi­ve the Du­ke of Sa­xo­ny, He­nry the Bird­man, a sack of co­al dug in the fo­rest...more


19.02.2020 ... towers in Rakowice Wielkie

In small Lower Silesian vil­la­ge of Ra­ko­wi­ce the­re ha­ve been at le­ast two ma­nor farms sin­ce la­te Mid­dle A­ges - a ro­yal and a town one, with their a­dmi­ni­stra­tors' se­ats in small re­si­den­tial to­wers. The ol­der of the­se buil­dings, known in li­te­ra­tu­re as the town to­wer, was pro­ba­bly built a­fter 1491 by Ge­org von Zed­litz, who in­he­ri­ted a con­si­de­ra­ble part of the vil­la­ge from Nic­kel Ju­nior von Zed­litz. In 1535, bro­thers Ni­co­las and Ge­org von Zed­litz re­lin­qui­shed their rights to lo­cal ma­nor hou­se...more


8.02.2020 ... castle in Bobrowniki

Nearby the village of Bobrowniki, pro­ba­bly al­re­ady in the first half of the 14th cen­tu­ry, the­re was an un­known wood­en ca­stle, as evi­den­ced by the do­cu­ments is­su­ed he­re by the Du­ke of Do­brzy­ce and Le­czy­ca Wla­dy­slaw Sie­mo­wi­to­wic cal­led Gar­bacz. Se­ve­ral do­cu­ments sig­ned in this lo­ca­tion ha­ve sur­vi­ved to the pre­sent day...more


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