29 castles were described. Last update: GNIEWOSZÓW 7.09.2020










































ld castles. Pe­arls of the Mid­dle Ages. Wit­nes­ses of the past, ro­man­tic and full of mys­te­ries, ha­ve been at­trac­ting hu­man eye­sight and arou­sing e­mo­tions for a long time. Re­gar­dless of whe­ther they we­re ri­sing on inac­ces­si­ble hills or oc­cu­py­ing low­land me­a­dows a­mong muds or ri­ver flood­plains, they in­va­ria­bly in­flu­en­ced hu­man ima­gi­na­tion. So­me we­re in­tro­du­ced to the ir­ra­tio­nal world, so dif­fe­rent from the eve­ry­day and or­der­ly li­ves of or­di­nary pe­o­ple. For ot­hers, it brought to mind me­mo­ries of the splen­dour of the col­lap­sed walls and cas­tle buil­dings, which u­sed to be eit­her po­wer­ful ro­yal for­tres­ses or the seats of ex­cel­lent knightly fa­mil­ies of his­to­ri­cal Po­land.

oday, these buil­dings are a ma­ter­ial le­ga­cy of ar­chi­tec­tu­re, a proof of the rich­ness of the past, a re­a­son for great pride. Of­ten ru­ined, aban­do­ned, func­tio­nal­ly use­less, they now play the ro­le of un­ques­tio­na­ble dis­tin­gui­shing fe­a­tu­res of the cul­tu­ral land­scape, an­chors of me­mo­ry strength­ening the feeling of lo­cal, re­gio­nal and na­tio­nal iden­ti­ty. So­me of these won­der­ful me­men­to­es of the past ha­ve been ta­ken ca­re of by the Po­lish Sta­te or its ci­ti­zens, so­me of them li­ve in the con­scious­ness of mil­lions, they be­co­me a des­ti­na­tion for thou­sands and a sym­bol wit­hout which it would be dif­fi­cult to ima­gi­ne the his­to­ri­cal ima­ge of our count­ry. Ot­hers we­re less for­tu­­na­te. De­pri­ved of ca­re, sha­me­ful­ly hid­den a­mong the gree­ne­ry of old parks and gar­dens, they stand des­tro­yed and for­got­ten, je­alou­sly guar­ding sec­rets that few of us ha­ve ever known.

That website is trying to change it.

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he publishing mar­ket, rich in cas­tle li­te­ra­tu­re and nu­me­rous web­si­tes and pu­bli­ca­tions, tes­ti­fy to the great so­cial in­te­rest in this ty­pe of to­pics. This does not sur­pri­se me. Cas­tles and their ru­ins ha­ve ce­ased to be the do­main of his­to­rians or groups of en­thus­iasts. To­day, they oc­cu­py an ex­po­sed pla­ces on maps and in gui­de­books, be­co­ming the des­ti­na­tion of in­cre­a­sing num­bers of tou­rists re­dis­co­ve­ring the charms of be­au­ti­ful Po­lish land­sca­pes.

reparing the texts I wanted to meet your ex­pec­ta­tions. Ho­we­ver, I do not want to co­py the so­lu­tions al­re­ady ex­ist­ing - bre­a­king with the ge­ne­ral sche­me tre­a­ting the sub­ject in an en­cyc­lo­pa­e­dic way and re­qui­ring the re­a­der to pre­pa­re in a gi­ven field, I want to com­bi­ne the ca­re for the pre­ser­va­tion of his­to­rical truth with fun­ctio­na­li­ty im­por­tant for un­der­stan­ding by a wi­de au­dien­ce, so that the con­tent pu­blis­hed he­re can meet the ex­pec­ta­tions of the re­a­der at dif­fe­rent a­ges, re­gar­dless of his know­led­ge and edu­ca­tion. Cre­a­ting this web­side I feel res­pon­si­ble for cre­a­ting at­ti­tu­des and de­ve­lo­ping his­to­ri­cal con­scious­ness.

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assure you that you will not find here, dear user, min­dles­sly co­pied books. I used li­te­ra­tu­re, of cour­se, wit­hout it this pa­ge would ne­ver ha­ve been cre­a­ted, but I tried to en­rich the con­tent of ma­ny pu­bli­ca­tions with in­for­ma­tion ac­qui­red from ex­pe­rien­ce. Apart from his­to­ri­cal facts, short bio­gra­phies and ba­sics of ar­chi­tec­tu­re, I de­ci­ded to pre­sent the cur­rent si­tu­a­tion of cas­tles, their le­gal sta­tus, pos­si­bi­li­ties of vi­si­ting them, cu­rio­si­ties, le­gends and ad­di­tio­nal at­trac­tions or lack the­re­of, as well as a brief des­crip­tion of how to reach them. I ha­ve per­so­nal­ly vi­si­ted each of the cas­tles des­cri­bed on this web­site at least on­ce, which should gua­ran­tee a sa­tis­fac­to­ry le­vel of re­lia­bi­li­ty, al­though of cou­rse no one is in­fal­li­ble. If you co­me across a mis­take or mis­re­pre­sen­ta­tion, I ask for hu­man un­der­stan­ding - I al­so h­ave the right to ma­ke a mis­ta­ke.

t the end, I would like to make it clear that all des­crip­tions on this web­si­te are sub­jec­ti­ve and not scien­ti­fic. I am not a his­to­rian and I do not in­tend to pre­tend to be an au­tho­ri­ty. The pur­po­se of this pu­bli­ca­tion is to in­te­rest you in the sub­ject mat­ter, en­cou­ra­ge you to vi­sit the cas­tle and - no doubt - to sa­tis­fy my ego. I sin­ce­re­ly in­vi­te you to read it.

Jacek Bednarek - author

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7.09.2020 ... castle Szczerba

istory of the castle remains a mystery to a lar­ge ex­tent, as few sour­ce do­cu­ments ha­ve been pre­ser­ved a­bout it. The foun­der of the cas­tle and the ti­me when it was e­rec­ted is al­so un­known. Ac­cor­ding to le­gends, al­re­ady du­ring the reign of po­lish king Bo­le­slaw Chro­bry the­re was a small wood­en strong­hold he­re, but so far such ori­gin has not been con­fir­med in ar­­cha­eolo­gi­cal re­se­arch and is on­ly a free in­ter­pre­ta­tion with no gre­ater his­to­ri­cal va­lue. It is known, ho­we­ver, that in 1294 the Czech king Wen­ce­slas II do­na­ted the land ne­ar Mię­dzy­le­sie with so­me cas­tle to Cis­ter­cian Or­der from Ka­mie­niec, and that the cas­tle was de­stro­yed in 1318... more

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30.08.2020 ... castle in Niemodlin

The origins of the castle in Niemodlin, which is currently one of the lar­gest and best pre­ser­ved me­die­val re­si­den­ces in the Opo­le re­gion, da­te back to the per­iod be­fo­re 1228, that is be­fo­re the hand­over of the set­tle­ment by Ka­zi­mierz I to Kle­mens Gry­fi­ta as a com­pen­sa­tion for the fi­nan­cial ef­fort ma­de by Gry­fi­ta whi­le buil­ding the du­cal re­si­den­ce in Opo­le. Its ap­pe­aran­ce in the first half of the 13th cen­tu­ry, ho­we­ver, did not re­sem­ble con­tem­po­ra­ry buil­dings; the ori­gi­nal form of the fort­ress was on­ly a small to­wer of re­si­den­tial and de­fen­si­ve cha­ra­cter, sur­roun­ded by a mo­at and wood­en for­ti­fi­ca­tions... more

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11.07.2020 ... castle in Piotrków Trybunalski

No documents have survived to the present day that would clear­ly in­di­ca­te the exis­ten­ce of a me­die­val ro­yal se­at in Piotr­ków. Ho­we­ver, we can le­arn from other sour­ces that per­haps in cas­trum Pyotr­kow, still wood­en and re­mem­be­ring the ti­mes of Ca­si­mir the Great, knight­ly con­gre­ga­tions we­re held, Wła­dy­sław Ja­gieł­ło is­su­ed ro­yal acts, and the Teu­to­nic knights cap­tu­red at the Bat­tle of Grun­wald we­re kept. Whe­re­as in 1469 the Czech de­pu­ties sent by Je­rzy Po­die­brad pre­su­ma­bly of­fe­red he­re the ro­yal crown to Wła­dy­sław, the son of Ca­si­mir Ja­giel­loń­czyk... more

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12.06.2020 ... castle in Sanok

Sanok is mentioned for the first time in Ipa­tiew­ski Ko­deks in 1150 whe­re oc­cu­pa­tion of Czer­wień­skie Gro­dy by the Hun­gar­ian king Gej­za II was re­por­ted. Its exis­ten­ce was re­cor­ded on­ce a­gain in 1205 on the oc­ca­sion of a meet­ing held he­re be­tween the Hun­gar­ian king An­drew II and An­na Eu­fro­zy­na, the wi­dow of prin­ce Ro­man Ha­lic­ki, and al­so in 1231, when in the Car­pa­thian Chro­nic­le its lo­ca­tion at the Hun­gar­ian ga­tes, i.e. ne­ar the moun­tain pas­ses, was in­di­ca­ted. It should be as­su­med that all the­se re­cords re­fer not yet to the cur­rent lo­ca­tion of the town... more

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23.05.2020 ... castle Dybów in Toruń

The victory of united Polish-Lith­ua­nian for­ces in the Bat­tle of Grun­wald per­ma­nent­ly stop­ped the ter­ri­to­rial ex­pan­sion of Teu­to­nic Or­der. It did not, ho­we­ver, we­aken ag­gres­si­ve po­li­cy of the Or­der, who, feel­ing sa­fe in their cas­tles, car­ried out nu­me­rous brief in­va­sions, cle­ar­ly a­void­ing con­fron­ta­tions in the o­pen field. One of such pla­ces, be­ing a "start­ing point" for Teu­to­nic Knights to ex­plo­re the Ku­ja­wy re­gion, was the strong­hold in Nie­sza­wa, lo­ca­ted on the left bank of Vis­tu­la. By vir­tue of de­ci­sions of the so-cal­led Meł­no Pe­ace from 1422, the po­lish king Wła­dy­sław Ja­gieł­ło re­gain­ed land on the left si­de of the ri­ver... more

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19.04.2020 ... castle in Toruń

The story about the fact, that in 1228 Kon­rad Ma­zo­wie­cki in­vi­ted the Teu­to­nic Or­der to Po­land, was pro­ba­bly he­ard by e­ve­ry child. Few pe­ople know, ho­we­ver, that the Teu­to­nic Knights' troop, which then ca­me to set­tle the Chelm­no Land, de­va­sta­ted by the Prus­sians, con­sis­ted of on­ly two knights and a small group of sold­iers! This small set un­der com­mand of Phi­lip von Hal­le and Hen­ry Bö­hme set­tled on a wood­en strong­hold on the left bank of the Vi­stu­la Ri­ver, which was na­med Vo­gel­sang. Two ye­ars la­ter a unit of fi­ve monks led by Her­mann von Balk join­ed them to cross the ri­ver and mo­ve to Nie­sza­wa strong­hold... more

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2.04.2020 ... tower in Siedlecin

The massive silhouette of the Go­thic to­wer in lit­tle Sie­dle­cin vil­la­ge has al­re­ady be­co­me a per­ma­nent fe­atu­re of the West­ern Su­de­ten­land his­to­ri­cal ar­chi­te­ctu­re. Its ex­cel­lent con­di­tion and uni­que cha­ra­cter of the wall paint­ings de­co­ra­ting its in­ter­ior ma­ke it one of the most re­co­gni­za­ble e­le­ments of the his­to­ri­cal le­ga­cy of Je­le­nia Gó­ra re­gion and its most im­por­tant tou­rist at­tra­ctions. De­spi­te the pro­ven con­ne­ction with the Prin­ces of Swid­ni­ca and Ja­wor, this Don­jon is of­ten de­scri­bed as a buil­ding ini­tia­ti­ve of knight­ly fa­mi­lies, which is not true... more

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21.03.2020 ... castle in Muszyna

Historians and researchers of the Mid­dle Ages in­ter­pret the be­gin­nings of de­fen­se-re­la­ted ar­chi­te­ctu­re in Mu­szy­na dif­fe­ren­tly. Ac­cor­ding to tra­di­tion, in this one of the old­est set­tle­ments in the Pod­kar­pa­cie re­gion, the for­ti­fied cas­tle was built by Du­ke Wla­dy­slaw Lo­kie­tek or on­ly as a re­sult of ro­yal foun­da­tion of Ca­si­mir the Gre­at. Based on mo­re re­cent re­se­arch, ho­we­ver, a do­mi­nant po­si­tion is that much earl­ier a small knight's ca­stle e­xis­ted he­re, lo­ca­ted sligh­tly high­er than a brick cas­tle, about 100 me­ters a­way from it. This mo­dest con­stru­ction, sur­roun­ded by a sto­ne-earth ram­part and a dry mo­at... more

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11.03.2020 ... castle Ksiaz

According to one of the many popular le­gends re­fer­ring to the hi­sto­ry of the ca­stle Ksiaz in Lo­wer Si­le­sia, the first strong­hold in this pla­ce was built in the midd­le of the 10th cen­tu­ry by a knight na­med Fun­ken­stein. When he was still a young boy, he was sup­po­sed to gi­ve the Du­ke of Sa­xo­ny, He­nry the Bird­man, a sack of co­al dug in the fo­rest, which ple­ased the ru­ler so much that as a re­ward he ga­ve him a no­ble dig­ni­ty with a nick­na­me De­rje­ni­ge, die fun­kel­nden Ste­ine bringt. He al­so or­de­red him to re­turn to Lo­wer Si­le­sia, find a va­lu­able pla­ce and build a ca­stle in its vi­ci­ni­ty in or­der to guard the black tre­asu­re... more

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19.02.2020 ... towers in Rakowice Wielkie

In the small Lower Silesian vil­la­ge of Ra­ko­wi­ce the­re ha­ve been at le­ast two ma­nor farms sin­ce la­te Mid­dle A­ges - a ro­yal and a town one, with their a­dmi­ni­stra­tors' se­ats in small re­si­den­tial to­wers. The ol­der of the­se buil­dings, known in li­te­ra­tu­re as the town to­wer, was pro­ba­bly built a­fter 1491 by Ge­org von Zed­litz, who in­he­ri­ted a con­si­de­ra­ble part of the vil­la­ge from Nic­kel Ju­nior von Zed­litz. In 1535, bro­thers Ni­co­las and Ge­org von Zed­litz re­lin­qui­shed their rights to lo­cal ma­nor hou­se and han­ded it o­ver to the Town Coun­cil of Lwó­wek. It was in the pos­ses­sion of the town un­til the 17th cen­tu­ry, when it be­ca­me pri­va­te... more

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8.02.2020 ... castle in Bobrowniki

Nearby the village of Bobrowniki, pro­ba­bly al­re­ady in the first half of the 14th cen­tu­ry, the­re was an un­known wood­en ca­stle, as evi­den­ced by the do­cu­ments is­su­ed he­re by the Du­ke of Do­brzy­ce and Le­czy­ca Wla­dy­slaw Sie­mo­wi­to­wic cal­led Gar­bacz. Se­ve­ral do­cu­ments sig­ned in this lo­ca­tion ha­ve sur­vi­ved to the pre­sent day, which may in­di­ca­te that at the turn of the fourth and fifth de­ca­de of the 14th cen­tu­ry, Bo­bro­wni­ki hou­sed the a­dmi­ni­stra­ti­ve cen­tre of the re­gion. To­ge­ther with the al­re­ady e­xis­ting cus­toms and the Vis­tu­la ri­ver cros­sing, it cre­ated one of the ge­opo­li­ti­cal­ly most im­por­tant points on the map of the du­chy... more

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2.02.2020 ... castle in Kowalewo Pomorskie

The first stronghold in Ko­wa­le­wo was pro­ba­bly built by Teu­to­nic Knights shor­tly after re­cei­ving this land from the mis­sio­na­ry bis­hop Chris­tian, which took pla­ce in 1231. In 1269, this pre­su­med tim­ber-soil strong­hold stop­ped the sie­ge of Prus­sian tri­be of Barts, but the ar­cha­ic con­stru­ction ba­sed on fra­gi­le buil­ding ma­te­rials was not a­ble to gua­ran­tee the sa­fe­ty of their de­fen­ders in the fu­tu­re. The Or­der found out a­bout this on­ly three ye­ars la­ter, when a pa­gan tri­be of Jac­we­go­wie led by Sko­mand in­va­ded and then burnt down the Teu­to­nic brid­ge­he­ad... more

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12.01.2020 ... castle in Lagów

Small town Lagów, si­tu­a­ted on a nar­row ist­hmus be­tween two la­kes, sin­ce an­cient ti­mes has ser­ved as a stra­te­gic point be­tween Wiel­ko­pol­ska, Po­me­ra­nia, Bran­den­burg and Si­le­sia. In the 10th cen­tu­ry, to­ge­ther with Lu­bus­kie Land, this a­rea be­lon­ged to Po­land, then it was part of the Si­le­sian dis­trict, and in the mid­dle of the 13th cen­tu­ry it be­ca­me the pro­per­ty of Ger­man mar­gra­ves. The first sur­vi­ving no­te a­bout the wood­en cas­trum La­go­we da­tes back to 1299, when the mar­gra­ves Ot­to, Kon­rad and Hen­ry dei gra­tia Bran­den­bur­gen­ses et de Lan­des­ber­ge Mar­chio­nes ga­ve it to the bro­thers... more

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28.12.2019 ... Sarny palace in Scinawka Górna

Already in the Mid­dle Ages in the up­per part of the vil­la­ge cal­led Ober-Stei­ne, the­re was a small de­fen­si­ve foun­da­tion, pro­ba­bly a re­si­den­tial to­wer e­rec­ted by weal­thy knights, but due to the lack of clear rem­nants of this buil­ding and a de­fi­cit of sour­ce in­for­ma­tion, ve­ry lit­tle is known a­bout it to­day. It is pos­si­ble that the re­lics of this Got­hic strong­hold are hid­den in the cel­lars of the la­ter pa­la­ce and the ground floor of the ga­te buil­ding, al­though no re­se­arch has e­ver been con­duc­ted he­re to con­firm this as­sum­ption. The first known ma­nor hou­se was built in 1590 on the ini­tia­ti­ve of Fa­bian von Rei­chen­bach... more

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18.12.2019 ... castle in Zabkowice Slaskie

The oldest pre­ser­ved re­cord con­cer­ning the for­ti­fied cas­tle in the town of Fran­kin­stein da­tes back to 1321, to the pe­riod when the prin­ci­pa­li­ty was ru­led by Ber­nard, the lord of Ja­wor, Swid­ni­ca and Zie­bi­ce. Most of­ten, the­re­fo­re, the ru­ler is cre­di­ted with the ini­tia­ti­ve of buil­ding a Go­thic for­ti­fied cas­tle, who­se pe­riod of cre­ation da­tes back to the first quar­ter of the 14th cen­tu­ry, al­though so­me his­to­rians point to its ear­lier chro­no­lo­gy, con­si­de­ring it to be the foun­der of Ber­nard's fa­ther - Prin­ce Bol­ko I. When in 1335 Ber­nard's suc­ces­sor on the thro­ne of Zie­bi­ce, and his youn­ger bro­ther Bol­ko II... more

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24.11.2019 ... castle in Niepolomice

During the reign of Wla­dy­slaw Lo­kie­tek, Nie­po­lo­mi­ce be­ca­me a part of the ro­yal e­sta­te, com­bi­ned with the Ma­lo­pol­ska lands in or­der to cre­ate a com­mon e­co­no­my. In the ti­mes of Ca­si­mir the Great, this small set­tle­ment be­ca­me one of the fa­vou­ri­te re­sting pla­ces for the ru­ler, who built a for­ti­fied ca­stle he­re to pro­tect the ca­pi­tal ci­ty of Cra­cow from the east, and at the sa­me ti­me to ser­ve as an ad­mi­nis­tra­tion for the king and his court. The ol­dest pre­ser­ved do­cu­ment con­fir­ming the e­xis­ten­ce of the de­fen­si­ve seat in Nie­po­lo­mi­ce da­tes back to 1358, al­though it is not en­ti­re­ly cer­tain that its con­tent re­fers... more

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26.10.2019 ... castle in Radziki Duze

The ca­stle in Ra­dzi­ki was pro­ba­bly built in 1380-84 on the ini­tia­ti­ve of the ca­stel­lan An­drzej Ogon­czyk, or - ac­cor­ding to ol­der hi­sto­ri­cal stu­dies - on­ly after 1413, when Ja­kusz Ogon­czyk in­he­ri­ted from his fa­ther Mi­ko­laj of Ku­tno a vil­la­ge with the adja­cent pro­per­ty. The for­tress was in the hands of the fa­mi­ly un­til the mid­dle of the 16th cen­tu­ry, but al­re­a­dy a hun­dred ye­ars ear­lier it had been de­stro­yed by the Teu­to­nic Knights du­ring the Thir­teen Years' War. It was re­built in se­cond half of the 15th cen­tu­ry, and a­round 1510 Mi­ko­laj Ra­dzi­kow­ski, grand­son of Ja­kusz, mo­der­ni­sed the ca­stle and ga­ve it Re­nais­san­ce cha­rac­ter... more

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18.10.2019 ... castle in Kórnik

A roman­tic neo-Got­hic re­si­den­ce, built on the ba­sis of a la­te me­die­val knight's for­tress, ri­ses up in the sur­roun­dings of the his­to­ric park. The first for­ti­fied ca­stle in Kór­nik was pro­ba­bly built in the fourth quar­ter of the 14th cen­tu­ry by the foun­da­tion of Wy­szo­ta, co­at of arms of Lo­dzia, bro­ther of the Poz­nan bi­shop Mi­ko­laj, and pro­ba­bly with his fi­nan­cial sup­port. At the be­gin­ning it was a brick con­struc­tion e­rec­ted on sto­ne foun­da­tions and si­tu­a­ted on a mound se­pa­ra­ted by a moat. It had the form of an ir­re­gu­lar qua­dri­la­te­ral with a cy­lin­dri­cal main to­wer... more

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25.09.2019 ... castle in Wierzbna

The first pre­ser­ved no­te a­bout the vil­la­ge co­mes from a do­cu­ment by Hen­rik the Be­ar­ded is­su­ed in 1209 for Ab­bot Wi­to­slaw, the su­per­ior of the mo­na­ste­ry of the Vir­gin Ma­ry in Wro­claw. It lists the ol­dest ow­ners of the set­tle­ment known to us to­day, co­mes Ste­pha­nus de Wir­bna and his cou­sins co­mes Jo­han­nes de Wir­bno et fra­ter eius Ni­co­laus. Pre­su­ma­bly, the fa­mi­ly seat was esta­blis­hed in this pla­ce du­ring the reign of Bo­le­slaw the High af­ter the du­ke gran­ted the lands to the no­ble e­li­te of Si­le­sia of that ti­me, to which the Wierz­bno fa­mi­ly cer­tain­ly be­lon­ged... more

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10.09.2019 ... castle in Szymbark

The cas­tle was pro­bab­ly built in the 1370s by the pa­rish priest of the Po­me­za­nian cha­pter Hen­ry of Ska­rlin. An in­scrip­tion in the form of gla­zed ce­ra­mic ti­les pla­ced a­bo­ve the en­tran­ce to the court­yard in­for­med a­bout the foun­der of this be­au­ti­ful brick strong­hold. Its text was as fol­lows: HEC PO­RTA CON­STRUC­TA EST AN­NO DO­MI­NI MCCCLXXXVI TEM­PO­RE FRA­TRIS HEN­RI­CI DE SKA­RLIN PRE­PO­ZI­TI, which can be tran­sla­ted as: The ga­te was e­rec­ted in the year of our Lord 1386 un­der the reign of bro­ther Hen­ry of Skar­lin - the pre­fect. So­me hi­stor­ians, ho­we­ver, pre­sent a slig­htly dif­fe­rent o­pi­nion... more

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