25 castles were described. Last update: TORUŃ DYBÓW 23.05.2020






































ld castles. Pe­arls of the Mid­dle Ages. Wit­nes­ses of the past, ro­man­tic and full of mys­te­ries, ha­ve been at­trac­ting hu­man eye­sight and arou­sing e­mo­tions for a long time. Re­gar­dless of whe­ther they we­re ri­sing on inac­ces­si­ble hills or oc­cu­py­ing low­land me­a­dows a­mong muds or ri­ver flood­plains, they in­va­ria­bly in­flu­en­ced hu­man ima­gi­na­tion. So­me we­re in­tro­du­ced to the ir­ra­tio­nal world, so dif­fe­rent from the eve­ry­day and or­der­ly li­ves of or­di­nary pe­o­ple. For ot­hers, it brought to mind me­mo­ries of the splen­dour of the col­lap­sed walls and cas­tle buil­dings, which u­sed to be eit­her po­wer­ful ro­yal for­tres­ses or the seats of ex­cel­lent knightly fa­mil­ies of his­to­ri­cal Po­land.

oday, these buil­dings are a ma­ter­ial le­ga­cy of ar­chi­tec­tu­re, a proof of the rich­ness of the past, a re­a­son for great pride. Of­ten ru­ined, aban­do­ned, func­tio­nal­ly use­less, they now play the ro­le of un­ques­tio­na­ble dis­tin­gui­shing fe­a­tu­res of the cul­tu­ral land­scape, an­chors of me­mo­ry strength­ening the feeling of lo­cal, re­gio­nal and na­tio­nal iden­ti­ty. So­me of these won­der­ful me­men­to­es of the past ha­ve been ta­ken ca­re of by the Po­lish Sta­te or its ci­ti­zens, so­me of them li­ve in the con­scious­ness of mil­lions, they be­co­me a des­ti­na­tion for thou­sands and a sym­bol wit­hout which it would be dif­fi­cult to ima­gi­ne the his­to­ri­cal ima­ge of our count­ry. Ot­hers we­re less for­tu­­na­te. De­pri­ved of ca­re, sha­me­ful­ly hid­den a­mong the gree­ne­ry of old parks and gar­dens, they stand des­tro­yed and for­got­ten, je­alou­sly guar­ding sec­rets that few of us ha­ve ever known.

That website is trying to change it.

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he publishing mar­ket, rich in cas­tle li­te­ra­tu­re and nu­me­rous web­si­tes and pu­bli­ca­tions, tes­ti­fy to the great so­cial in­te­rest in this ty­pe of to­pics. This does not sur­pri­se me. Cas­tles and their ru­ins ha­ve ce­ased to be the do­main of his­to­rians or groups of en­thus­iasts. To­day, they oc­cu­py an ex­po­sed pla­ces on maps and in gui­de­books, be­co­ming the des­ti­na­tion of in­cre­a­sing num­bers of tou­rists re­dis­co­ve­ring the charms of be­au­ti­ful Po­lish land­sca­pes.

reparing the texts I wanted to meet your ex­pec­ta­tions. Ho­we­ver, I do not want to co­py the so­lu­tions al­re­ady ex­ist­ing - bre­a­king with the ge­ne­ral sche­me tre­a­ting the sub­ject in an en­cyc­lo­pa­e­dic way and re­qui­ring the re­a­der to pre­pa­re in a gi­ven field, I want to com­bi­ne the ca­re for the pre­ser­va­tion of his­to­rical truth with fun­ctio­na­li­ty im­por­tant for un­der­stan­ding by a wi­de au­dien­ce, so that the con­tent pu­blis­hed he­re can meet the ex­pec­ta­tions of the re­a­der at dif­fe­rent a­ges, re­gar­dless of his know­led­ge and edu­ca­tion. Cre­a­ting this web­side I feel res­pon­si­ble for cre­a­ting at­ti­tu­des and de­ve­lo­ping his­to­ri­cal con­scious­ness.

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assure you that you will not find here, dear user, min­dles­sly co­pied books. I used li­te­ra­tu­re, of cour­se, wit­hout it this pa­ge would ne­ver ha­ve been cre­a­ted, but I tried to en­rich the con­tent of ma­ny pu­bli­ca­tions with in­for­ma­tion ac­qui­red from ex­pe­rien­ce. Apart from his­to­ri­cal facts, short bio­gra­phies and ba­sics of ar­chi­tec­tu­re, I de­ci­ded to pre­sent the cur­rent si­tu­a­tion of cas­tles, their le­gal sta­tus, pos­si­bi­li­ties of vi­si­ting them, cu­rio­si­ties, le­gends and ad­di­tio­nal at­trac­tions or lack the­re­of, as well as a brief des­crip­tion of how to reach them. I ha­ve per­so­nal­ly vi­si­ted each of the cas­tles des­cri­bed on this web­site at least on­ce, which should gua­ran­tee a sa­tis­fac­to­ry le­vel of re­lia­bi­li­ty, al­though of cou­rse no one is in­fal­li­ble. If you co­me across a mis­take or mis­re­pre­sen­ta­tion, I ask for hu­man un­der­stan­ding - I al­so h­ave the right to ma­ke a mis­ta­ke.

t the end, I would like to make it clear that all des­crip­tions on this web­si­te are sub­jec­ti­ve and not scien­ti­fic. I am not a his­to­rian and I do not in­tend to pre­tend to be an au­tho­ri­ty. The pur­po­se of this pu­bli­ca­tion is to in­te­rest you in the sub­ject mat­ter, en­cou­ra­ge you to vi­sit the cas­tle and - no doubt - to sa­tis­fy my ego. I sin­ce­re­ly in­vi­te you to read it.

Jacek Bednarek - author

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23.05.2020 ... castle Dybów in Toruń

The victory of united Polish-Lith­ua­nian for­ces in the Bat­tle of Grun­wald per­ma­nent­ly stop­ped the ter­ri­to­rial ex­pan­sion of Teu­to­nic Or­der. It did not, ho­we­ver, we­aken ag­gres­si­ve po­li­cy of the Or­der, who, feel­ing sa­fe in their cas­tles, car­ried out nu­me­rous brief in­va­sions, cle­ar­ly a­void­ing con­fron­ta­tions in the o­pen field. One of such pla­ces, be­ing a "start­ing point" for Teu­to­nic Knights to ex­plo­re the Ku­ja­wy re­gion, was the strong­hold in Nie­sza­wa, lo­ca­ted on the left bank of Vis­tu­la. By vir­tue of de­ci­sions of the so-cal­led Meł­no Pe­ace from 1422, the po­lish king Wła­dy­sław Ja­gieł­ło re­gain­ed land on the left si­de of the ri­ver... more

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19.04.2020 ... castle in Toruń

The story about the fact, that in 1228 Kon­rad Ma­zo­wie­cki in­vi­ted the Teu­to­nic Or­der to Po­land, was pro­ba­bly he­ard by e­ve­ry child. Few pe­ople know, ho­we­ver, that the Teu­to­nic Knights' troop, which then ca­me to set­tle the Chelm­no Land, de­va­sta­ted by the Prus­sians, con­sis­ted of on­ly two knights and a small group of sold­iers! This small set un­der com­mand of Phi­lip von Hal­le and Hen­ry Bö­hme set­tled on a wood­en strong­hold on the left bank of the Vi­stu­la Ri­ver, which was na­med Vo­gel­sang. Two ye­ars la­ter a unit of fi­ve monks led by Her­mann von Balk join­ed them to cross the ri­ver and mo­ve to Nie­sza­wa strong­hold... more

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2.04.2020 ... tower in Siedlecin

The massive silhouette of the Go­thic to­wer in lit­tle Sie­dle­cin vil­la­ge has al­re­ady be­co­me a per­ma­nent fe­atu­re of the West­ern Su­de­ten­land his­to­ri­cal ar­chi­te­ctu­re. Its ex­cel­lent con­di­tion and uni­que cha­ra­cter of the wall paint­ings de­co­ra­ting its in­ter­ior ma­ke it one of the most re­co­gni­za­ble e­le­ments of the his­to­ri­cal le­ga­cy of Je­le­nia Gó­ra re­gion and its most im­por­tant tou­rist at­tra­ctions. De­spi­te the pro­ven con­ne­ction with the Prin­ces of Swid­ni­ca and Ja­wor, this Don­jon is of­ten de­scri­bed as a buil­ding ini­tia­ti­ve of knight­ly fa­mi­lies, which is not true... more

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21.03.2020 ... castle in Muszyna

Historians and researchers of the Mid­dle Ages in­ter­pret the be­gin­nings of de­fen­se-re­la­ted ar­chi­te­ctu­re in Mu­szy­na dif­fe­ren­tly. Ac­cor­ding to tra­di­tion, in this one of the old­est set­tle­ments in the Pod­kar­pa­cie re­gion, the for­ti­fied cas­tle was built by Du­ke Wla­dy­slaw Lo­kie­tek or on­ly as a re­sult of ro­yal foun­da­tion of Ca­si­mir the Gre­at. Based on mo­re re­cent re­se­arch, ho­we­ver, a do­mi­nant po­si­tion is that much earl­ier a small knight's ca­stle e­xis­ted he­re, lo­ca­ted sligh­tly high­er than a brick cas­tle, about 100 me­ters a­way from it. This mo­dest con­stru­ction, sur­roun­ded by a sto­ne-earth ram­part and a dry mo­at... more

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11.03.2020 ... castle Ksiaz

According to one of the many popular le­gends re­fer­ring to the hi­sto­ry of the ca­stle Ksiaz in Lo­wer Si­le­sia, the first strong­hold in this pla­ce was built in the midd­le of the 10th cen­tu­ry by a knight na­med Fun­ken­stein. When he was still a young boy, he was sup­po­sed to gi­ve the Du­ke of Sa­xo­ny, He­nry the Bird­man, a sack of co­al dug in the fo­rest, which ple­ased the ru­ler so much that as a re­ward he ga­ve him a no­ble dig­ni­ty with a nick­na­me De­rje­ni­ge, die fun­kel­nden Ste­ine bringt. He al­so or­de­red him to re­turn to Lo­wer Si­le­sia, find a va­lu­able pla­ce and build a ca­stle in its vi­ci­ni­ty in or­der to guard the black tre­asu­re... more

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19.02.2020 ... towers in Rakowice Wielkie

In the small Lower Silesian vil­la­ge of Ra­ko­wi­ce the­re ha­ve been at le­ast two ma­nor farms sin­ce la­te Mid­dle A­ges - a ro­yal and a town one, with their a­dmi­ni­stra­tors' se­ats in small re­si­den­tial to­wers. The ol­der of the­se buil­dings, known in li­te­ra­tu­re as the town to­wer, was pro­ba­bly built a­fter 1491 by Ge­org von Zed­litz, who in­he­ri­ted a con­si­de­ra­ble part of the vil­la­ge from Nic­kel Ju­nior von Zed­litz. In 1535, bro­thers Ni­co­las and Ge­org von Zed­litz re­lin­qui­shed their rights to lo­cal ma­nor hou­se and han­ded it o­ver to the Town Coun­cil of Lwó­wek. It was in the pos­ses­sion of the town un­til the 17th cen­tu­ry, when it be­ca­me pri­va­te... more

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8.02.2020 ... castle in Bobrowniki

Nearby the village of Bobrowniki, pro­ba­bly al­re­ady in the first half of the 14th cen­tu­ry, the­re was an un­known wood­en ca­stle, as evi­den­ced by the do­cu­ments is­su­ed he­re by the Du­ke of Do­brzy­ce and Le­czy­ca Wla­dy­slaw Sie­mo­wi­to­wic cal­led Gar­bacz. Se­ve­ral do­cu­ments sig­ned in this lo­ca­tion ha­ve sur­vi­ved to the pre­sent day, which may in­di­ca­te that at the turn of the fourth and fifth de­ca­de of the 14th cen­tu­ry, Bo­bro­wni­ki hou­sed the a­dmi­ni­stra­ti­ve cen­tre of the re­gion. To­ge­ther with the al­re­ady e­xis­ting cus­toms and the Vis­tu­la ri­ver cros­sing, it cre­ated one of the ge­opo­li­ti­cal­ly most im­por­tant points on the map of the du­chy... more

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2.02.2020 ... castle in Kowalewo Pomorskie

The first stronghold in Ko­wa­le­wo was pro­ba­bly built by Teu­to­nic Knights shor­tly after re­cei­ving this land from the mis­sio­na­ry bis­hop Chris­tian, which took pla­ce in 1231. In 1269, this pre­su­med tim­ber-soil strong­hold stop­ped the sie­ge of Prus­sian tri­be of Barts, but the ar­cha­ic con­stru­ction ba­sed on fra­gi­le buil­ding ma­te­rials was not a­ble to gua­ran­tee the sa­fe­ty of their de­fen­ders in the fu­tu­re. The Or­der found out a­bout this on­ly three ye­ars la­ter, when a pa­gan tri­be of Jac­we­go­wie led by Sko­mand in­va­ded and then burnt down the Teu­to­nic brid­ge­he­ad... more

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12.01.2020 ... castle in Lagów

Small town Lagów, si­tu­a­ted on a nar­row ist­hmus be­tween two la­kes, sin­ce an­cient ti­mes has ser­ved as a stra­te­gic point be­tween Wiel­ko­pol­ska, Po­me­ra­nia, Bran­den­burg and Si­le­sia. In the 10th cen­tu­ry, to­ge­ther with Lu­bus­kie Land, this a­rea be­lon­ged to Po­land, then it was part of the Si­le­sian dis­trict, and in the mid­dle of the 13th cen­tu­ry it be­ca­me the pro­per­ty of Ger­man mar­gra­ves. The first sur­vi­ving no­te a­bout the wood­en cas­trum La­go­we da­tes back to 1299, when the mar­gra­ves Ot­to, Kon­rad and Hen­ry dei gra­tia Bran­den­bur­gen­ses et de Lan­des­ber­ge Mar­chio­nes ga­ve it to the bro­thers... more

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28.12.2019 ... Sarny palace in Scinawka Górna

Already in the Mid­dle Ages in the up­per part of the vil­la­ge cal­led Ober-Stei­ne, the­re was a small de­fen­si­ve foun­da­tion, pro­ba­bly a re­si­den­tial to­wer e­rec­ted by weal­thy knights, but due to the lack of clear rem­nants of this buil­ding and a de­fi­cit of sour­ce in­for­ma­tion, ve­ry lit­tle is known a­bout it to­day. It is pos­si­ble that the re­lics of this Got­hic strong­hold are hid­den in the cel­lars of the la­ter pa­la­ce and the ground floor of the ga­te buil­ding, al­though no re­se­arch has e­ver been con­duc­ted he­re to con­firm this as­sum­ption. The first known ma­nor hou­se was built in 1590 on the ini­tia­ti­ve of Fa­bian von Rei­chen­bach... more

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18.12.2019 ... castle in Zabkowice Slaskie

The oldest pre­ser­ved re­cord con­cer­ning the for­ti­fied cas­tle in the town of Fran­kin­stein da­tes back to 1321, to the pe­riod when the prin­ci­pa­li­ty was ru­led by Ber­nard, the lord of Ja­wor, Swid­ni­ca and Zie­bi­ce. Most of­ten, the­re­fo­re, the ru­ler is cre­di­ted with the ini­tia­ti­ve of buil­ding a Go­thic for­ti­fied cas­tle, who­se pe­riod of cre­ation da­tes back to the first quar­ter of the 14th cen­tu­ry, al­though so­me his­to­rians point to its ear­lier chro­no­lo­gy, con­si­de­ring it to be the foun­der of Ber­nard's fa­ther - Prin­ce Bol­ko I. When in 1335 Ber­nard's suc­ces­sor on the thro­ne of Zie­bi­ce, and his youn­ger bro­ther Bol­ko II... more

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24.11.2019 ... castle in Niepolomice

During the reign of Wla­dy­slaw Lo­kie­tek, Nie­po­lo­mi­ce be­ca­me a part of the ro­yal e­sta­te, com­bi­ned with the Ma­lo­pol­ska lands in or­der to cre­ate a com­mon e­co­no­my. In the ti­mes of Ca­si­mir the Great, this small set­tle­ment be­ca­me one of the fa­vou­ri­te re­sting pla­ces for the ru­ler, who built a for­ti­fied ca­stle he­re to pro­tect the ca­pi­tal ci­ty of Cra­cow from the east, and at the sa­me ti­me to ser­ve as an ad­mi­nis­tra­tion for the king and his court. The ol­dest pre­ser­ved do­cu­ment con­fir­ming the e­xis­ten­ce of the de­fen­si­ve seat in Nie­po­lo­mi­ce da­tes back to 1358, al­though it is not en­ti­re­ly cer­tain that its con­tent re­fers... more

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26.10.2019 ... castle in Radziki Duze

The ca­stle in Ra­dzi­ki was pro­ba­bly built in 1380-84 on the ini­tia­ti­ve of the ca­stel­lan An­drzej Ogon­czyk, or - ac­cor­ding to ol­der hi­sto­ri­cal stu­dies - on­ly after 1413, when Ja­kusz Ogon­czyk in­he­ri­ted from his fa­ther Mi­ko­laj of Ku­tno a vil­la­ge with the adja­cent pro­per­ty. The for­tress was in the hands of the fa­mi­ly un­til the mid­dle of the 16th cen­tu­ry, but al­re­a­dy a hun­dred ye­ars ear­lier it had been de­stro­yed by the Teu­to­nic Knights du­ring the Thir­teen Years' War. It was re­built in se­cond half of the 15th cen­tu­ry, and a­round 1510 Mi­ko­laj Ra­dzi­kow­ski, grand­son of Ja­kusz, mo­der­ni­sed the ca­stle and ga­ve it Re­nais­san­ce cha­rac­ter... more

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18.10.2019 ... castle in Kórnik

A roman­tic neo-Got­hic re­si­den­ce, built on the ba­sis of a la­te me­die­val knight's for­tress, ri­ses up in the sur­roun­dings of the his­to­ric park. The first for­ti­fied ca­stle in Kór­nik was pro­ba­bly built in the fourth quar­ter of the 14th cen­tu­ry by the foun­da­tion of Wy­szo­ta, co­at of arms of Lo­dzia, bro­ther of the Poz­nan bi­shop Mi­ko­laj, and pro­ba­bly with his fi­nan­cial sup­port. At the be­gin­ning it was a brick con­struc­tion e­rec­ted on sto­ne foun­da­tions and si­tu­a­ted on a mound se­pa­ra­ted by a moat. It had the form of an ir­re­gu­lar qua­dri­la­te­ral with a cy­lin­dri­cal main to­wer... more

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25.09.2019 ... castle in Wierzbna

The first pre­ser­ved no­te a­bout the vil­la­ge co­mes from a do­cu­ment by Hen­rik the Be­ar­ded is­su­ed in 1209 for Ab­bot Wi­to­slaw, the su­per­ior of the mo­na­ste­ry of the Vir­gin Ma­ry in Wro­claw. It lists the ol­dest ow­ners of the set­tle­ment known to us to­day, co­mes Ste­pha­nus de Wir­bna and his cou­sins co­mes Jo­han­nes de Wir­bno et fra­ter eius Ni­co­laus. Pre­su­ma­bly, the fa­mi­ly seat was esta­blis­hed in this pla­ce du­ring the reign of Bo­le­slaw the High af­ter the du­ke gran­ted the lands to the no­ble e­li­te of Si­le­sia of that ti­me, to which the Wierz­bno fa­mi­ly cer­tain­ly be­lon­ged... more

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10.09.2019 ... castle in Szymbark

The cas­tle was pro­bab­ly built in the 1370s by the pa­rish priest of the Po­me­za­nian cha­pter Hen­ry of Ska­rlin. An in­scrip­tion in the form of gla­zed ce­ra­mic ti­les pla­ced a­bo­ve the en­tran­ce to the court­yard in­for­med a­bout the foun­der of this be­au­ti­ful brick strong­hold. Its text was as fol­lows: HEC PO­RTA CON­STRUC­TA EST AN­NO DO­MI­NI MCCCLXXXVI TEM­PO­RE FRA­TRIS HEN­RI­CI DE SKA­RLIN PRE­PO­ZI­TI, which can be tran­sla­ted as: The ga­te was e­rec­ted in the year of our Lord 1386 un­der the reign of bro­ther Hen­ry of Skar­lin - the pre­fect. So­me hi­stor­ians, ho­we­ver, pre­sent a slig­htly dif­fe­rent o­pi­nion... more

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29.08.2019 ... castle in Stara Kamienica

Among his­tor­ians and re­se­ar­chers of the Lo­wer Si­les­ian past, the­re is an o­pi­nion that in the pla­ce whe­re the re­mains of an old sto­ne fort­ress are lo­ca­ted to­day, one of the for­ti­fied set­tle­ments de­fen­ding the Si­les­ian-Czech or Czech-Sa­xon bor­der may ha­ve exis­ted al­re­a­dy in the 11th or 12th cen­tu­ry. Pre­su­ma­bly at the be­gin­ning of the 13th cen­tu­ry, the set­tle­ment was trans­for­med in­to a wood­en-earth cas­tle for the needs of Prin­ce Hen­ry the Pious, and then han­ded o­ver by Bo­les­law II Ro­gat­ka as a he­re­di­ta­ry fief to­get­her with the vil­la­ge of Chem­ni­ce and se­ven fields of land to the cas­tel­lan Si­bot­ho Schof... more

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20.08.2019 ... castle in Lipa

The me­die­val cas­tle in Li­pa in its ori­gi­nal Got­hic form was pro­bab­ly built at the turn of the 14th and 15th cen­tu­ries, al­though re­se­ar­chers are di­vi­ded on this is­sue, da­ting the ti­me of its con­struc­tion from the end of the 13th to the be­gin­ning of the 15th cen­tu­ry. We do not know the foun­der of this bui­lding - it is as­su­med that it was cre­a­ted on the ini­tia­ti­ve of a re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ve of one of the Si­le­sian knigh­tly fa­mi­lies - but so­me want its ge­ne­a­lo­gy to be con­nec­ted with the ac­ti­vi­ties of the Tem­plar Or­der, which af­ter the fall of the King­dom of Je­ru­sa­lem mi­gra­ted to Eu­ro­pe, in­clu­ding Si­le­sia... more

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7.08.2019 ... castle in Golancz

The first writ­ten men­tion of Go­lanch da­tes back to 1222, when it ap­pe­a­red in do­cu­ments as a vil­la­ge pay­ing tit­hes to the Cis­ter­cian mo­nas­te­ry in Lek­no. In the 14th cen­tu­ry, du­ring the reign of Wla­dys­law Lo­kie­tek, the set­tle­ment be­lon­ged to the no­ble fa­mi­ly of Pa­lu­ki and pro­bab­ly one of its re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ves built a small for­ti­fi­ca­tion on the banks of La­ke Smo­la­ry. This foun­da­tion is u­su­al­ly at­tri­bu­ted by his­to­rians to the bis­hop of Wlo­cla­wek, Ma­ciej Pa­lu­ka, al­though it can­not be ex­clu­ded that the nep­hew of this dig­ni­ta­ry, who in­he­ri­ted the es­ta­te from him, To­mis­law of Go­lancz, a Ka­lisz jud­ge, was in­vol­ved... more

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21.07.2019 ... castle in Radzyn Chelminski

In the early Mid­dle Ages, on the tra­de rou­te from Gru­dziadz to Go­lub the­re was a small woo­den cast­le in the vi­ci­ni­ty of the pre­sent-day Ra­dzyn, pro­bab­ly in­ha­bi­ted by pa­gan Prus­sians from the Po­me­za­nian tri­be. Ac­cor­ding to 'Roczniki' of Jan Dłu­gosz, in 1015 the Po­lish Du­ke Bo­les­law Chrob­ry was to pass through the si­te on his way to Osa ri­ver, in who­se ri­ver­bed wood­en pi­les we­re sup­po­sed­ly ham­me­red in to mark out the bor­ders of the Chel­mno Land. In the 12th cen­tu­ry, the vil­la­ge of Ra­sin func­tio­ned in this pla­ce, and next to it the cast­le be­lon­ging to the Ma­zov­ian voi­vo­de Krys­tyn... more

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13.07.2019 ... castle in Prochowice

According to one source, the buil­der and first in­ha­bi­tant of the for­ti­fied cast­le in Pro­cho­wi­ce was Iko von Par­chwitz, the court­ier of Prin­ce Bo­les­law Ro­gat­ka and his long-ti­me com­pa­nion. Ot­her his­to­ri­cal stu­dies sug­gest, ho­we­ver, that the men­tio­ned cast­le was on­ly a small woo­den de­fen­si­ve strong­hold and the pro­per foun­der of the brick com­plex they de­fi­ne Ste­fan von Parch­witz - grand­son of Iko, who in 1305-42 ma­na­ged the town. Ste­fan's son, Pe­ter von Parch­witz, sold his fa­mi­ly es­ta­te to the Du­kes of Leg­ni­ca in 1383: Rup­recht, Wac­law and Hen­ryk, who be­fo­re 1400 sold it to Ot­to the Ol­der Zed­litz... more

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11.07.2019 ... castle in Jawor

At the end of the 13th cen­tu­ry, Ja­wor be­ca­me one of the new­ly cre­a­ted cen­ters of po­wer in the strong­ly par­cel­led Lo­wer Si­les­ia, pro­mo­ting in 1274 to the ca­pi­tal of a se­pa­ra­te prin­ci­pa­li­ty, which by the gra­ce of Bo­les­law the Bald was ta­ken o­ver by his son Hen­ry V. In 1280 Bol­ko I the Se­ve­re took o­ver the le­ga­cy of his brot­her. Re­se­ar­chers at­tri­bu­te to him the ef­fort of buil­ding a new de­fen­si­ve head­quar­ters, erec­ted on the si­te of a small re­si­den­tial to­wer built in the 20s of the 13th cen­tu­ry, per­haps foun­ded by the Du­ke Hen­ry the Be­ar­ded. The first de­fen­si­ve com­plex, pro­bab­ly still e­quip­ped with woo­den or woo­den-ground for­ti­fi­ca­tions... more

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2.07.2019 ... castle Rogowiec

The beginnings of the Rogowiec castle probably date back to the last two de­ca­des of the 13th cen­tu­ry and are com­mon­ly as­so­cia­ted with the foun­da­tion of Bol­ko Se­ve­re, the ru­ler of the Du­chy of Swid­ni­ca and Ja­wor. Si­tu­a­ted high in the moun­tains on a hard to reach rock, the de­fen­si­ve sys­tem was to ser­ve to streng­then the su­pre­me au­tho­ri­ty in ve­ry spar­se­ly po­pu­la­ted moun­tain a­re­as, to­get­her with the for­tres­ses of Grod­no, No­wy Dwor, and Ra­dos­no it al­so for­med a li­ne of for­ti­fi­ca­tions a­long the sout­hern, still then con­ven­tio­nal, bor­der of the prin­ci­pa­li­ty. It is worth men­tio­ning that in the Mid­dle Ages a tra­de rou­te... more

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20.06.2019 ... castle Radosno in Rybnica Lesna

There is no certainty regarding the time of the construction and the founder of the sto­ne cas­tle in Ryb­ni­ca Les­na. This in­vest­ment is ge­ne­ral­ly con­nec­ted with Bolko I, Duke of Swid­ni­ca and Ja­wor, al­though ac­cor­ding to some historians this region in the first half of the 14th century be­lon­ged to the Lu­xem­bourg go­vern­ment, and the for­tress was built by the Czechs as a counterbalance to the ne­ar­by Ro­go­wiec for­tress be­lon­ging to the Si­le­sian principality. In 1350 the castle, mentioned as Vredinberg das Haus, be­ca­me, to­get­her with the as­so­cia­ted es­ta­tes: Mieroszow, Unislaw Slaski, Golinsko, Rozana, Kowalowa and So­ko­low­sko... more

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12.06.2019 ... castle in Poznan

In the first centuries of the former state, the city of Poznan developed on the right bank of the Warta River, around the fortified seat of the prince, formed in the 10th century in the north-western part of the cathedral island. The oldest wooden castle, was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt, and it probably ended in the second half of the 13th century as a consequence of changes in the political-administrative organisation of the re­gion, as a result of which the left-bank part of the town took over the dominant function. This dominance fol­lowed gradually with the development of settlement transformations after Przemysl I... more

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