HOME PAGE

EUROPEAN CASTLES

GALLERY

MAPS

GUESTBOOK

BIBLIOGRAPHY

CONTACT ME

MIĘDZYLESIE

castle and palace complex

BARANÓW SANDOMIERSKI

BARCIANY

BARDO ŚLĄSKIE

BĄKOWA GÓRA

BESIEKIERY

BĘDZIN

BIERUTÓW

BIESTRZYKÓW

BOBOLICE

BOBROWNIKI

BODZENTYN

BOLESTRASZYCE

BOLKÓW

BORYSŁAWICE ZAMKOWE

BROCHÓW

BRODNICA

BRZEG

BUKOWIEC

BYDLIN

BYSTRZYCA KŁODZKA

CHĘCINY

CHOJNICA

CHOJNIK

CIECHANÓW

CIESZÓW

CIESZYN

CZARNY BÓR

CZERNA

CZERNINA

CZERSK

CZĘSTOCHOWA

CZOCHA

CZORSZTYN

ĆMIELÓW

DĄBROWA

DĄBRÓWNO

DRZEWICA

DZIAŁDOWO

DZIERZGOŃ

FREDROPOL (KORMANICE)

GDAŃSK

GIŻYCKO

GLIWICE

GŁOGÓW

GNIEW

GNIEWOSZÓW Z.SZCZERBA

GOLUB-DOBRZYŃ

GOŁAŃCZ

GOLCZEWO

GOŁUCHÓW

GOŚCISZÓW

GÓRA

GRODZIEC

GRÓDEK

GRUDZIĄDZ

GRZĘDY

GRZMIĄCA z.ROGOWIEC

HOMOLE

IŁŻA

INOWŁÓDZ

JANOWICE WIELKIE z.BOLCZÓW

JANOWIEC

JAWOR

JEZIORO GÓRECKIE

KAMIENIEC ZĄBKOWICKI

KAMIENNA GÓRA

KARPNIKI

KAZIMIERZ DOLNY

KĘTRZYN

KĘTRZYN - KOŚCIÓŁ

KIELCE

KLICZKÓW

KŁODZKO

KOŁO

KONARY

KONIN-GOSŁAWICE

KORZKIEW

KOWALEWO POMORSKIE

KOŹMIN WLKP.

KÓRNIK

KRAKÓW

KRAPKOWICE

KRAPKOWICE - OTMĘT

KRASICZYN

KRĘPCEWO

KRUSZWICA

KRZYŻNA GÓRA

KRZYŻTOPÓR

KSIĄŻ WIELKI

KUROZWĘKI

KWIDZYN

LEGNICA

LIDZBARK WARMIŃSKI

LIPA

LUBIN

LUTOMIERSK

ŁAGÓW

ŁĘCZYCA

ŁOWICZ

MAJKOWICE

MALBORK

MAŁA NIESZAWKA

MIĘDZYLESIE

MIĘDZYRZECZ

MIRÓW

MOKRSKO

MOSZNA

MSTÓW

MUSZYNA

MYŚLENICE

NAMYSŁÓW

NIEDZICA

NIDZICA

NIEMCZA

NIEMODLIN

NIEPOŁOMICE

NOWA RUDA

NOWY SĄCZ

NOWY WIŚNICZ

ODRZYKOŃ

OGRODZIENIEC (PODZAMCZE)

OJCÓW

OLEŚNICA

OLSZTYN (JURA)

OLSZTYN (WARMIA)

OLSZTYNEK

OŁAWA

OŁDRZYCHOWICE KŁODZKIE

OPOCZNO

OPOLE GÓRKA

OPOLE OSTRÓWEK

OPORÓW

OSSOLIN

OSTRĘŻNIK

OSTRÓDA

OSTRÓW LEDNICKI

OTMUCHÓW

PABIANICE

PANKÓW

PASTUCHÓW

PIESKOWA SKAŁA

PIOTRKÓW TRYBUNALSKI

PIOTRKÓW-BYKI

PIOTROWICE ŚWIDNICKIE

PŁAKOWICE

PŁOCK

PŁONINA

PŁOTY

PODZAMCZE z.OGRODZIENIEC

PODZAMCZE PIEKOSZOWSKIE

POKRZYWNO

POŁCZYN-ZDRÓJ

POZNAŃ

PRABUTY

PROCHOWICE

PROSZÓWKA z.GRYF

PRZEMYŚL

PRZEWODZISZOWICE

PSZCZYNA

PTKANÓW

PYZDRY

RABSZTYN

RACIĄŻEK

RADŁÓWKA

RADOM

RADZIKI DUŻE

RADZYŃ CHEŁMIŃSKI

RAJSKO

RAKOWICE WIELKIE

RATNO DOLNE

RAWA MAZOWIECKA

RESKO

ROGÓW OPOLSKI

ROŻNÓW ZAMEK DOLNY

ROŻNÓW ZAMEK GÓRNY

RYBNICA

RYBNICA LEŚNA

RYCZÓW

RYDZYNA

RYTWIANY

RZĄSINY

SANDOMIERZ

SANOK

SIEDLĘCIN

SIEDLISKO

SIERADZ

SIERAKÓW

SIEWIERZ

SMOLEŃ

SOBKÓW

SOBOTA

SOCHACZEW

SOSNOWIEC

SREBRNA GÓRA

STARA KAMIENICA

STARE DRAWSKO

STARY SĄCZ

STRZELCE OPOLSKIE

SULEJÓW

SZAMOTUŁY

SZCZECIN

SZTUM

SZUBIN

SZYDŁÓW

SZYMBARK

ŚCINAWKA GÓRNA

ŚWIDWIN

ŚWIEBODZIN

ŚWIECIE n.WISŁĄ

ŚWIECIE k.LEŚNEJ

ŚWINY

TORUŃ

TORUŃ z.DYBÓW

TUCZNO

TYNIEC

UDÓRZ

UJAZD k.TOMASZOWA

UJAZD KRZYŻTOPÓR

UNIEJÓW

URAZ

WAŁBRZYCH z.KSIĄŻ

WAŁBRZYCH z.STARY KSIĄŻ

WAŁBRZYCH z.NOWY DWÓR

WARSZAWA z.KRÓLEWSKI

WARSZAWA z.UJAZDOWSKI

WĄBRZEŹNO

WENECJA

WĘGIERKA

WĘGORZEWO

WIELICZKA

WIELKA WIEŚ

WIERZBNA

WITKÓW

WLEŃ

WOJNOWICE

WOJSŁAWICE

WROCŁAW

WROCŁAW LEŚNICA

WYSZYNA

ZAGÓRZ

ZAGÓRZE ŚLĄSKIE

ZAŁUŻ

ZĄBKOWICE ŚLĄSKIE

ZBĄSZYŃ

ZŁOTORIA k.TORUNIA

ŹRÓDŁA

ŻAGAŃ

ŻARY

ŻELAZNO

ŻMIGRÓD


MIĘDZYLESIE, VIEW FROM THE WEST ON THE GOTHIC CASTLE AND A FRAGMENT OF THE BAROQUE PALACE


HISTORY


T

he oldest known fortified set­tle­ment in Me­di­le­se was pro­ba­bly e­sta­bli­shed in the se­cond half of the 9th cen­tu­ry. Ini­tial­ly, it was a wood­en buil­ding, which was re­pla­ced by a brick cas­tle in the first half of the 14th cen­tu­ry. This pro­ba­bly took pla­ce after the lo­cal pro­per­ties was bought out from the Cis­ter­cians by re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ves of knight­ly fa­mi­ly von Glau­bitz (Glu­bosz) who ca­me from Lu­sa­tia. The trans­ac­tion of pur­cha­sing the­se lands was re­ali­zed bet­ween 1315 and 1318, and its con­se­quen­ce was to trans­form the town in­to cen­ter of an lar­ge e­sta­te, which in­clu­ded, among others, bor­der strong­holds of Szczer­ba and Kar­pień. In this ca­se, ho­we­ver, it is not ap­pro­pria­te to une­qui­vo­cal­ly iden­ti­fy the found­ing of the cas­tle with a­cti­vi­ties of the von Glau­bitz fa­mi­ly. It may ha­ve been built at the ini­tia­ti­ve of new own­er after 1318, or per­haps on­ly after his death, by or­der of King Jo­hann von Lux­em­burg (d. 1346). His­tor­ians ha­ve dif­fe­rent view­points on this is­sue. Ho­we­ver, it is cer­tain that the pre­sen­ce of a so­lid strong­hold in this pla­ce streng­the­ned the Si­le­sian-Czech bor­der, and thanks to the tra­de rou­te from Wroc­ław to Pra­gue, which was run­ning at the jun­ction of the Bys­trzyc­kie Moun­tains and the Śnież­nik Mas­sif, it pro­vi­ded sig­ni­fi­cant in­co­me for its ad­mi­ni­stra­tors.


CASTLE SEEN FROM THE PARADE COURTYARD, BAROQUE EASTERN WING ON THE LEFT, THE RENAISSANCE PART ON THE RIGHT


According to tradition, the name of vil­la­ge is sup­po­sed to co­me from the gre­at fo­rests that co­ve­red the­se lands cen­tur­ies ago - hen­ce the me­die­val Sla­vic term Me­di­le­se. In 1294 its Ger­man form Mit­tel­wal­de ap­pe­ared, which evol­ved over ti­me and la­ter the town was cal­led Mit­til­wald in Ger­man or Me­zi­le­se, Me­ze­les­sie in Czech lan­gu­age. It was la­ter cal­led Mitr­vel­de, Mit­wald, Mit­tel­waldt, or fi­nal­ly again Mit­tel­wal­de, which was the of­fi­cial na­me of the town un­til the end of World War II. After the new or­der was estab­li­shed in 1945, the li­te­ral trans­la­tion was ap­pro­ved and thus Mię­dzy­le­sie ap­pea­red on the map of Po­land.



LITHOGRAPHY ACCORDING TO THE DRAWING BY FRIEDRICH BERNARD WERNHER, 1739


M

iędzylesie stayed in the hands of the Glu­bosz fa­mi­ly un­til a­bout the mid­dle of 15th cen­tu­ry. In 1381, Ot­to von Glau­bitz is men­tio­ned in the do­cu­ments as the ow­ner of esta­te, and in 1403 Ot­to, cal­led Schram­me. In 1420 from he­re, the mer­ged units of Prin­ce Jan Ża­gań­ski, Hen­rik IX Gło­gow­ski and Hen­rik X at­tac­ked Czech Li­ti­ce and Pot­štejn. In re­ven­ge, the Hus­si­tes burn­ed down the town and the cas­tle, from which on­ly the to­wer sur­vi­ved, al­though the­re is no cer­tain­ty to­day whe­ther the his­to­ri­cal no­ta­tion re­fers to the Black To­wer, which has sur­vi­ved to our ti­mes, or per­haps to ano­ther, no lon­ger ex­ist­ing part of the strong­hold. The re­built cas­tle be­ca­me the pro­per­ty of Czech kings a­gain and in 1472 it was gi­ven to Bal­tha­sar von Tschi­schwitz from Wil­ka­nów as a fief­dom, and after his de­ath in 1479 it was han­ded o­ver to the ro­yal ste­ward Ge­org von Bi­schof­scheim cal­led La­tusch­ka. From 1493 for two ye­ars the esta­te was ma­na­ged by Jan Bar­to­szow­sky from La­bin, fol­lo­wed by Jo­hann von Žam­pach from Pot­štejn and his sons Joh­ann and Wen­zel, who in 1538 le­ased the cas­tle and the sur­roun­ding pro­per­ty to their bro­ther-in-law, Jo­hann von Tschirn­haus from Bol­kow. The new host, de­spi­te its poor re­pu­ta­tion, has pro­ved to be a good or­ga­ni­zer, ef­fec­ti­ve­ly at­trac­ting pe­ople to the co­lo­ni­za­tion act­ion. He was cer­tain­ly help­ed by a gre­at fi­re, which in 1540 left so much em­pty land that se­ve­ral new vil­la­ges could be built on it.



FRIEDRICH BERNARD WERNHER, BEAUTIFUL PANORAMA OF THE TOWN WITH THE CASTLE FROM THE MIDDLE OF 18TH CENTURY


T

he descendants of Johann, bro­thers Da­vid (d. 1600) and Mi­cha­el (d. 1607) von Tschirn­haus bought the town and sur­roun­ding land from the Žam­pach fa­mi­ly in 1564, which al­lo­wed them to cre­ate ano­ther lar­ge e­sta­te in Lo­wer Si­le­sia. The reign of this fa­mi­ly li­ne in Mię­dzy­le­sie re­sul­ted in re­nais­san­ce re­con­stru­ction of the cas­tle, as a con­se­quen­ce of which the raw Go­thic buil­ding was gi­ven the form of a po­ly­go­nal lay­out with a small in­ter­nal court­yard. After bro­thers' de­ath, the esta­te was gi­ven to one of Mi­cha­el's three sons, Da­vid Hein­rich von Tschirn­haus (d. 1642), sta­rost of Kłodz­ko. When the Thir­ty Ye­ars' War bro­ke out, he got in­vol­ved in a po­li­ti­cal strug­gle, sup­por­ting the an­ti-Hab­sburg re­bel­lion in Bo­he­mia and op­ting for the new­ly e­lec­ted King of Bo­he­mia, Fried­rich Wit­tel­sbach, al­so known as the Win­ter King. This re­bel­lion was sup­pres­sed by the Aus­trians on­ly a ye­ar after the Pro­tes­tant ru­ler set­tled on the Czech thro­ne. For the sta­rost, such a si­tu­ation me­ant not on­ly the loss of his of­fi­ce, but al­so the need to es­ca­pe the Hab­sburgs' re­ven­ge and con­fis­ca­te all his pro­per­ties. The esta­te, na­tio­na­li­zed by Em­pe­ror's au­tho­ri­ties, was pur­cha­sed for 60,000 tha­lers by Phi­lipp Ru­dolph Count von Liech­ten­stein, who short­ly after­wards sold it to three sis­ters of Da­vid Hein­rich, one of whom, Ba­ro­ness He­le­na von Ra­edern, li­ved he­re un­til 1653. In the sa­me ye­ar, Mi­cha­el Fer­di­nand Count von Alt­hann (d. 1668), who ca­me from Czech town Krá­li­ky, pur­cha­sed the pro­per­ty to­ge­ther with vil­la­ges Roz­to­ka and Wil­ka­nów for 50,000 gul­dens. Soon he star­ted to re­build the town after da­ma­ge do­ne du­ring the wars with Swe­den, he al­so re­no­va­ted the cas­tle and e­rec­ted two wings of ba­ro­que pa­la­ce. From then on, un­til 1945, the re­si­den­ce was con­ti­nu­ous­ly ow­ned by von Alt­hann no­ble fa­mi­ly.


FRANZ SCHROLLER: SCHLESIEN T.1, GLOGAU CARL FLEMMING, 1885


VIEW OF THE CASTLE FROM THE SOUTH ON A POSTCARD FROM THE TURN OF 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY


The Counts von Althann be­lon­ged to a knight­ly fa­mi­ly of Hun­gar­ian or south­ern Mo­ra­vian ori­gin. The Hun­gar­ian op­tion con­si­ders three co­me­ses li­ving at the turn of the 9th and 10th cen­tu­ry as the found­ers of fa­mi­ly: Man­gold, Win­ter­stett and Thann. The last of the­se, Thann, as le­gend says, du­ring one of his ex­pe­di­tions to the Ho­ly Land, com­mit­ted ma­ny cou­ra­ge­ous deeds, for which he was to be dis­tin­gui­shed with the­se words: You are old (alt) Thann ve­ry bra­ve. This is how the na­me Alt­hann was cre­ated. The li­ne was con­ti­nu­ed by He­so, who re­cei­ved the tit­le of Count in 954. The first prin­ce­ly tit­le was awar­ded to Dyt­mar in ex­chan­ge for "me­rit" on the bat­tle­field du­ring the third cru­sa­de (1189-92). On Alt­hann fa­mi­ly tree we can find tra­ces of his­to­ry of Si­le­sia, Czech, Mo­ra­via, Hun­ga­ry, Aus­tria, Ita­ly, Fran­ce and even Spain. Re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ves of this fa­mi­ly set­tled in Mię­dzy­le­sie in 1653 and li­ved he­re un­til spring 1945.

Michael Ferdinand I (1653-1668)
Michael Franz Ferdinand (1668-1679)
Michael Wenzel I (1679-1686), ambassador of Austria, commander of the Kłodzko fortress
Michael Wenzel II (1686-1738), member of the imperial council for finance
Michael Emmanuel (1738-1749)
Michael Otto (1749-1797)
Michael Karl (1797-1805), imperial royal chamberlain
Michael Wenzel III (1805-1810)
Michael Johann Nepomuck (1810-1815)
Michael Franz Anton (1815-1817), chief steward of the Austrian empress's court
Michael Maximilian Franz (1817-1834)
Michael Joseph (1834-1861), grand of Spain
Michael Karl (1861-1881)
Michael Robert (1881-1919), imperial royal chamberlain
dr Michael Karl (until 1945)




IN THE FOREGROUND WE CAN SEE THE BAROQUE PART OF THE CASTLE WITH MAIN ENTRANCE FROM THE MARKET SQUARE,
COLOURED POSTCARDS FROM THE BEGINNING OF XX CENTURY


One of the owners of the castle, Mi­cha­el Wen­zel II, foun­ded in the first half of 18th cen­tu­ry an im­pres­si­ve church in No­wa Wieś (Neu­dorf). Ye­ars ago, the church was known for the fa­ce veil that Ma­rie An­toi­net­te was to gi­ve to her con­fes­sor l'Or­me on Octo­ber 16, 1793, just be­fo­re her tra­gic de­ath on the scaf­fold. The veil was ma­de of Bra­bant la­ce and was over 3 me­ters long. Whe­re did this ori­gi­nal prop co­me from to Lo­wer Si­le­sia? Well, the con­fes­sor of the Queen of Fran­ce emi­gra­ted to Eng­land so­me ti­me after her de­ath, whe­re he be­que­athed veil in his will to the Au­gu­sti­nian ab­bot from Wroc­law. After the ab­bot's death and or­der's se­cu­la­ri­za­tion, a sou­ve­nir was sold to a cer­tain Sey­del for 37 tha­lers. La­ter, in un­known cir­cum­stan­ces, the he­ad­ge­ar was pla­ced in Krzyd­li­na ne­ar Wo­łów, who­se pa­rish priest was friends with the pa­rish priest of Roz­to­ka, so he ga­ve it to him as a gift. He han­ded over the veil to No­wa Wieś, whe­re it was hang­ing un­til 1958, when se­ve­ral ci­ti­zens of the Ger­man De­mo­cra­tic Re­pub­lic be­ca­me in­te­re­sted in it. The Ger­mans pro­bab­ly sto­le it sec­ret­ly or bought it back from a loc­al priest, be­cau­se the­re are ru­mors that to­day this his­to­ri­cal pie­ce of clo­thing is sto­red in Tel­­gte ne­ar Mun­ster.



RENAISSANCE CASTLE WITH A BLACK TOWER, PHOTO FROM THE 60S


RUIN AS A CONSEQUENCE OF THE FIRE OF 1972, VIEW FROM THE PARADE COURTYARD


I

n almost unchanged condition the cas­tle sur­vi­ved un­til the end of World War II. The So­viet ar­my of­fen­si­ve in the spring of 1945 didn't cau­se much da­ma­ge he­re, and the Ger­man own­ers left a lar­ge part of equip­ment of the pa­la­ce: fur­ni­tu­re, car­pets, paint­ings and books. The­se and other ob­jects, if they we­re of any ma­te­rial va­lue, we­re quick­ly sto­len not on­ly by the lo­cal and in­co­ming po­pu­la­tion, but al­so by var­ious ins­ti­tu­tions and of­fi­ces. In 1950, the buil­ding was ta­ken o­ver by the Po­lish sta­te and after a small re­no­va­tion, it was adap­ted as a re­cre­ation cen­ter for child­ren; for so­me ti­me it al­so hou­sed a kin­der­gar­ten. When in 1972 the Re­nais­san­ce part of the cast­le was burn­ed down from the light­ning, the who­le buil­ding was clo­sed down. Soon, ex­ten­si­ve re­no­va­tion works we­re star­ted, as a re­sult of which, in ad­di­tion to re­no­va­ting the da­ma­ged rooms, so­me of the roofs we­re re­pla­ced and one of the wings was adap­ted as a ho­tel. The in­vest­ment was car­ried out using the funds of the Wroc­law Mo­nu­ment Con­ser­va­tion Work­shop en­ter­pri­se, then ad­mi­ni­stra­tor of the cast­le and pa­la­ce com­plex. As ear­ly as in the 1970s the buil­ding was ad­mi­ni­ste­red by the So­cial Ac­ti­vi­ty De­part­ment of the Mi­ni­stry of Cul­tu­re and Art, in the next de­ca­de it was sub­or­di­na­ted to the Ka­to­wi­ce He­at and Po­wer Plant, and in 1992 it be­ca­me the pro­per­ty of Żeg­lu­ga Mor­ska S.A. from Szcze­cin. At that ti­me, at­tempts we­re ma­de to adapt it for re­cre­ation and ho­li­day pur­po­ses, but the sca­le of ne­ces­sa­ry ex­pen­ses ex­ceed­ed the ca­pa­bi­li­ties of the then own­ers, and the cas­tle, left with­out pro­per con­ser­va­tion ca­re, was slow­ly de­ter­io­ra­ting. In 2008 the his­to­ric buil­ding was pur­cha­sed by two pri­va­te in­ve­stors, who re­no­va­ted the ba­ro­que pa­la­ce and pla­ced the ho­tel with a res­tau­rant in it. Sin­ce then, a re­no­va­tion of Re­nais­san­ce part of the cas­tle is be­ing car­ried out un­hur­ried­ly.



FACADES OF THE SOUTHERN WING IN 2002 AND DURING RENOVATION IN 2019


ARCHITECTURE


T

he detailed layout of medieval castle is un­known. It was pro­ba­bly an ir­re­gu­lar or quad­ri­la­te­ral, with a pris­ma­tic to­wer pla­ced in the cor­ner of the walls or a free-stand­ing one, and a two-sto­rey hou­se (11x16 me­ters) with a ba­se­ment con­sist­ing of three cham­bers co­ve­red with o­gi­val vaults. The Re­nais­san­ce se­at was for­med in­to a po­ly­gon with an in­ner court­yard and the en­tran­ce le­ading from the north, and the do­mi­nant Black To­wer (to­day plas­te­red in whi­te), erec­ted pro­ba­bly in the ye­ars 1527-34, al­though so­me re­se­ar­chers e­sti­ma­te the pe­riod of its e­re­ction to be mid-15th cen­tu­ry. La­ter the to­wer was top­ped with a ter­ra­ce with a sto­ne rail­ing and co­ve­red with a bro­ken co­ni­cal roof. The main, three-sto­rey re­si­den­tial wing was de­co­ra­ted with or­na­ments ma­de of ge­ome­tric sgraf­fi­to. The door and win­dow fra­mes and por­tals we­re ma­de of sand­sto­ne. Par­ti­cu­lar­ly no­te­wor­thy he­re is the main por­tal at the en­tran­ce from the pa­ra­de court­yard, de­co­ra­ted with ni­ne co­ats of arms and two re­liefs per­so­ni­fy­ing Faith and Jus­ti­ce. The Re­nais­san­ce cas­tle was sur­roun­ded by an ex­ter­nal wall con­tain­ing bas­tions a­dap­ted to the use of fi­re­arms.


VIEW FROM THE MARKET SQUARE TO THE BAROQUE PALACE, THE CHURCH OF CORPUS CHRISTI IS ON THE RIGHT


T

he neighboring palace was built in Ba­ro­que sty­le after 1695 ac­cor­ding to the plans pre­pa­red by re­now­ned Ital­ian ar­chi­tect Ja­ko­bo Ca­ro­ve. It was com­po­sed of two lar­ge, per­pen­di­cu­lar­ly po­si­tio­ned wings: the north­ern one, built in pla­ce of the for­mer ga­te to­wer, and the east­ern one, with a re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ve en­tran­ce ga­te. The who­le, to­ge­ther with the Re­nais­san­ce cas­tle, de­ter­mi­ned the bor­der of pa­ra­de court­yard, clo­sed from the west by a cur­tain wall, be­hind which the­re we­re gar­dens. The east­ern wing is par­ti­cu­lar­ly in­te­re­sting, equip­ped from the court­yard si­de with an ar­ca­de, and from the town si­de ac­cent­ed with sym­me­tri­cal­ly pla­ced pi­la­sters. The en­tran­ce to the cas­tle led from the Mar­ket Squ­are through two dia­go­nal­ly pla­ced ga­tes, a sto­ne brid­ge over a dry mo­at and an en­tran­ce ga­te with two por­tals on flanks. The ga­te­way is a three-ais­le hall­way with a cross vault sup­por­ted on six pil­lars, abo­ve which th­ere is a ball­room co­ve­red with a mir­ror vault, equip­ped with a ti­led sto­ve and a ba­ro­que fi­re­pla­ce. This hall was the first in Si­le­sia to be ac­ces­sed by a pa­ra­de stair­ca­se with a de­co­ra­ti­ve ba­lu­stra­de (Count Alt­hann was sup­po­sed to ri­de it on a hor­se to im­press the par­ti­ci­pants of the ball). In 1778, for the con­ve­nien­ce of its in­ha­bi­tants, the pa­la­ce was con­nec­ted by an in­door gal­le­ry with the Cor­pus Chris­ti church stand­ing ne­ar­by.



PLAN OF THE CASTLE AND PALACE COMPLEX: 1. GOTHIC-RENAISSANCE CASTLE, 2. INNER COURTYARD, 3. THE BLACK TOWER, 4. MAIN PORTAL LEADING TO THE CASTLE, 5. BAROQUE NORTHERN WING, 6. BAROQUE EASTERN WING, 7. ARCADES IN THE EASTERN PART, 8. THE BRIDGE, 9. GATEWAY, 10. INDOOR GALLERY LEADING TO THE CHURCH, 11. PARADE COURTYARD, 12. FORMER CASTLE GARDENS


FROM THE LEFT: RENAISSANCE CASTLE, TWO WINGS OF THE BAROQUE PALACE, CORPUS CHRISTI CHURCH, ORIGIN: ,www.zamekmiedzylesie.pl


CURRENT STATE


A

fter the castle was taken over by pri­va­te in­ves­tors, its re­vi­ta­li­za­tion be­gan, the ef­fects of which can be ad­mi­red in the ni­ce­ly re­no­va­ted fa­ca­des and de­co­ra­tion of so­me of the rooms, most of which are used for ac­co­mo­da­tion pur­po­ses. It is plan­ned that in the fu­tu­re the cas­tle and pa­la­ce com­plex will be di­vi­ded in­to two zo­nes: an in­te­gra­ting zo­ne - with ho­tel, res­tau­rant, bar and dis­co (!?), and a pri­va­te zo­ne, lo­ca­ted in Re­nais­san­ce part, which in­clu­des ho­tel rooms of high­er stan­dard. The own­ers al­so in­tend to build a swim­ming pool lo­ca­ted un­der the pa­ra­de court­yard, from whe­re the exit will le­ad di­rect­ly to the cas­tle park. De­spite its com­mer­cial cha­ra­cter, the cas­tle stays open to 'or­di­na­ry' tour­ists, of­fer­ing the pos­si­bi­li­ty of vi­si­ting se­lec­ted rooms and pro­vid­ing spa­ce to or­ga­ni­ze lo­cal cul­tu­ral and ar­tis­tic e­vents. When vi­sit­ing it, one can­not miss the ear­ly Ba­ro­que Cor­pus Chris­ti church stand­ing at its north­ern wing, whe­re a pul­pit in the sha­pe of a bo­at with a sail is pre­ser­ved. This unu­su­al ele­ment of de­co­ra­tion was craf­ted in 1760 and is or­na­men­ted with re­liefs of four fi­gur­es from the Ho­ly Bi­ble: St. Chris­to­pher, St. Au­gus­ti­ne, St. An­tho­ny pre­aching to the fish, and the pro­phet Jon­ah thrown in­to the sea.


Zamek Międzylesie Sp. z o.o.
Plac Wolności 42, 57-530 Międzylesie
tel. +48 665 00 00 55
info(at)zamekmiedzylesie.pl

Opening hours / Tickets


CASTLE IN 2019, VAULTED GATEWAY AND ARCADES IN THE EASTERN WING
BELOW WE SEE THE BAROQUE NORTHERN WING (RESTAURANT) AND THE RENAISSANCE CASTLE (HOTEL)




HOW TO GET THERE?


M

iędzylesie is a small town situated on the bor­der with Czech Re­pub­lic, ne­ar Wroc­ław-Pra­ga rail­ro­ad li­ne. You can get the­re by bus from Bys­trzy­ca Kłodz­ka and from Kłodz­ko. Rail­ro­ad com­mu­ni­ca­tion pro­vi­des a di­rect con­nect­ion to Wroc­ław. The cas­tle is lo­ca­ted in the ve­ry cen­ter of the town, in north-west­ern part of the Mar­ket Squa­re. The car can be park­ed at the Mar­ket Squa­re (Plac Wol­no­ści), or pos­sib­ly a lit­tle fur­ther north - on a small park­ing lot ne­ar Koś­ciel­na Street. (map of cas­tles in Lo­wer Si­le­sia)




BIBLIOGRAPHY


1. J. Adamiczka: Zamek pro publico bono, Zawód: Architekt, 6/2011
2. L. Kajzer, J. Salm, S. Kołodziejski: Leksykon zamków w Polsce, Arkady 2001
3. J. Lamparska: Dolny Śląsk jakiego nie znacie, Asia Press 2002
4. J. Lamparska: Sudety Środkowe po obu stronach granicy, Asia Press 2003
5. R. Łuczyński: Zamki, dwory i pałace w Sudetach, Stowarzyszenie WA 2008
6. M. Perzyński: Zamki, twierdze i pałace D. Śląska i Opolszczyzny, WDW 2006
7. A. Wagner: Murowane budowle obronne w Polsce X-XVIIw., Bellona 2019


EASTERN ELEVATIONS OF THE RENAISSANCE CASTLE (ON THE LEFT) AND THE BAROQUE PALACE SEEN FROM PLAC WOLNOŚCI (FREEDOM SQUARE)


Castles nearby:
Gniewoszów - ruin of Szczerba castle from 14th century, 8 km
Bystrzyca Kłodzka - donjon from 14th century, currently non-Gothic, 18 km
Stara Łomnica - donjon from 14-16th century, 25 km
Żelazno - donjon from 15-16th century, 25 km
Gorzanów - castle from 16-17th century, 27 km
Ołdrzychowice Kłodzkie - donjon from 14th century, currently the mansion in ruins, 29 km






MAIN PAGE

text: 2009, 2020
photographs: 2002, 2012, 2019
© Jacek Bednarek