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IMG BORDER=1 style=

CASTLE RUIN IN RADZIKI DUZE, VIEW FROM THE SOUTHWEST



he ca­stle in Ra­dzi­ki was pro­ba­bly built in 1380-84 on the ini­tia­ti­ve of the ca­stel­lan An­drzej Ogon­czyk (+ c.1395), or - ac­cor­ding to ol­der hi­sto­ri­cal stu­dies - on­ly after 1413, when Ja­kusz Ogon­czyk (+ 1435) in­he­ri­ted from his fa­ther Mi­ko­laj of Ku­tno a vil­la­ge with the adja­cent pro­per­ty. The for­tress was in the hands of the fa­mi­ly un­til the mid­dle of the 16th cen­tu­ry, but al­re­a­dy a hun­dred ye­ars ear­lier it had been de­stro­yed by the Teu­to­nic Knights du­ring the Thir­teen Years' War. It was re­built in se­cond half of the 15th cen­tu­ry, and a­round 1510 Mi­ko­laj Ra­dzi­kow­ski (+1520), grand­son of Ja­kusz, mo­der­ni­sed the ca­stle and ga­ve it Re­nais­san­ce cha­rac­ter. When in 1525 Jan Ra­dzi­kow­ski, the last ma­le re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ve of the fa­mi­ly, died child­less, the esta­te was in­he­ri­ted by his si­ster Ma­lgo­rza­ta, wi­fe of Piotr Ple­cki from Da­bro­wa. In 1540, as a re­sult of the di­vi­sion of the Ra­dzi­ki e­sta­te, it be­ca­me the pro­per­ty of Ra­dzi­ki Du­ze with a ca­stle, two ma­nors, a fo­rest and the right of pa­tro­na­ge in the lo­cal church. In 1564, the son of Piotr and Ma­lgo­rza­ta, Sta­nis­law Ple­cki, was al­re­a­dy the ow­ner of Ra­dzi­ki, and a­fter him - Bar­ba­ra, pre­su­ma­bly the on­ly child of Sta­nis­law, who mar­ried Wa­len­ty Ku­czyn­ski and brought him a vil­la­ge with the lo­cal e­sta­te as do­wry.


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RADZIKI DUZE, THE REMAINS OF THE SOUTHWESTERN CURTAIN OF THE FORTIFICATION WALL


t the turn of the 16th and 17th cen­tu­ries the ow­ner of Ra­dzi­ki was the Ro­licz Ta­rnow­ski fa­mi­ly from Ku­ja­wy. The ca­stle, de­stro­yed du­ring the Po­lish-Swe­dish wars in the 17th cen­tu­ry, lost its re­si­den­cy sta­tus, and a­round 1770 it was a­ban­do­ned and fell in­to ruin. At that ti­me it be­lon­ged to the sons of the first mar­ria­ge of Fran­cisz­ka Su­chor­ska: Fran­ci­szek and Ka­zi­mierz (1845) Prze­ci­szew­scy. The e­vents from the turn of the 18th and 19th cen­tu­ries pro­ba­bly led to the pre­sent sta­te of the ca­stle: then part of the brick was u­sed to build a clas­si­cis­tic ma­nor ho­use e­rec­ted right next to the ru­ins. In 1839 the in­deb­ted e­sta­te was pur­cha­sed by Fran­ci­szek Sa­le­zy Dmo­chow­ski (+1871), the author of the hi­sto­ri­cal sto­ry The Cu­rse of Mo­ther, in which he de­scri­bed un­der chan­ged na­mes the hi­sto­ry of the ca­stle and its in­ha­bi­tants. After Dmo­chow­scy, the ma­nor ho­use was ta­ken o­ver by the Sie­miat­kow­ski fa­mi­ly and a­fter the Se­cond World War it be­ca­me the pro­per­ty of the lo­cal go­vern­ment, which pla­ced a school the­re. The re­mains of the me­die­val for­tress we­re pre­ser­ved in the 1950s as a per­ma­nent ruin and ha­ve sur­vi­ved to this day.


IMG  BORDER=1 style= IMG  BORDER=1 style=

A VIEW OF THE RUINS FROM THE WEST



Castle in Ra­dzi­ki, lo­ca­ted 57 me­ters to the right of the road, re­ctan­gu­lar with high walls, with four to­wers, be­longs to the ty­pe of low­land ca­stles, such as in Cie­cha­nów and Ra­wa; built to­ge­ther with the church at the turn of the 14th and 15th cen­tu­ries is an exam­ple of the in­flu­en­ce of Teu­to­nic ar­chi­te­ctu­re in Ma­zo­via and Do­brzyn land, trans­fer­red by the Ger­man knights from sout­hern Eu­ro­pe to the north. The fact that the ca­stle was still in use in the 16th or 17th cen­tu­ry is e­vi­den­ced by the de­co­ra­ti­ve win­dow fra­mes, pre­ser­ved in the re­mains. De­stro­yed pro­ba­bly du­ring the Swe­dish wars in the se­ven­teenth cen­tu­ry, the de­ser­ted ca­stle did not ri­se any mo­re [...] it suf­fe­red much from the hands of its la­ter ow­ners, who took the ma­te­rial from it to other buil­dings. The esta­te was pur­cha­sed in 1839 by the wri­ter Fran­ci­szek Sa­le­zy Dmo­chow­ski, who was at­trac­ted by the an­cient church in Ra­dzi­ki, but was par­ti­cu­lar­ly in­te­res­ted in the ru­ins of the ca­stle. Va­rious sto­ries a­mong the pe­o­ple a­bout this ca­stle, a­bout dun­ge­ons and un­der­ground pas­sa­ges, about night ghosts, about a mo­ther cur­sing her off­spring. Mr. Dmo­chow­ski lis­te­ned to all this, stu­died the an­cient walls, thought on lu­nar nights, se­ar­ched through the old re­cords and me­trics, from the old or­ga­nist he re­cei­ved le­gends, and a­bo­ve all he looked at the mi­se­ra­ble end of the de­scen­dants of Tar­now­scy and Prze­ci­szew­scy, the re­cent heirs of Ra­dzi­ki.

a fragment of Father W. Makowski's foreword
to F.S. Dmochowski's book Przeklenstwo matki
Opowiadanie na rzeczywistych faktach osnowane



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BIRD'S EYE VIEW OF THE CASTLE, IN THE UPPER PART OF THE PICTURE THE FORMER RESIDENTIAL PART



he ca­stle in Ra­dzi­ki, al­though at the be­gin­ning of its exis­ten­ce it was the ri&we­al­thiest no­ble nest in the who­le Do­brzyn Land, re­pre­sen­ted a sim­ple ty­pe of a knigh­tly for­ti­fied set­tle­ment, whe­re the hou­se was sur­roun­ded by a wall, whe­re one cur­tain was al­so a wall of the buil­ding. It was e­rec­ted on a squa­re plan with a si­de of about 29 me­ters, in the lo­wer parts ma­de of sto­nes and a­bo­ve of bricks. The ca­stle oc­cu­pied an area of 830 squa­re me­ters, sur­roun­ded by a wall with a two-sto­rey re­si­den­tial hou­se with three rooms on each floor, and wood­en re­si­den­tial and u­ti­li­ty buil­dings stan­ding a­long the wall from the court­yard si­de. The en­tran­ce to the ca­stle led through a ga­te­way lo­ca­ted in the south-west­ern part, ex­ten­ding be­yond the fa­ce of the cur­tain, and the ac­cess to it was pro­tec­ted by a draw­bridge and a mo­at ir­ri­ga­ted from the cur­ren­tly dis­ap­pe­ar­ing pond.




PLAN OF THE RUINS OF THE CASTLE IN RADZIKI DUZE


RECONSTRUCTION OF A CASTLE FROM THE XV CENTURY ACCORDING TO M. ARSZYNSKI AND J. SALM



o this day, a well-vi­si­ble ruin has sur­vi­ved in the form of al­most full cir­cum­fe­ren­ce of ex­ter­nal walls, 5 to 8 me­ters high, with the re­mains of shoot­ing ho­les, ar­chi­te­ctu­ral de­tails and win­dows, but on­ly three of the­se win­dows ha­ve me­die­val o­ri­gins (the others we­re ma­de in the 19th and 20th cen­tu­ries). The­re are no in­ter­nal di­vi­sions of the a­part­ment hou­se, and the on­ly me­men­toes left are the mo­dest re­lics of the vaults in the cel­lars that are no lon­ger ac­ces­si­ble. The ruin is lo­ca­ted on the school a­rea, but ac­cess to it, even on ho­li­days, should not be re­stric­ted. A few do­zen me­ters west of the ca­stle stands a be­au­ti­ful­ly re­no­va­ted clas­si­cist ma­nor hou­se of the Prze­ci­szew­scy, to­day the seat of the pri­ma­ry school na­med after fa­mous Po­lish tra­ve­ler To­ny Ha­lik.


IMG  BORDER=1 style= IMG  BORDER=1 style=

IMG  BORDER=1 style= IMG  BORDER=1 style=

NORTHERN PART OF THE CASTLE; IN THE PHOTOGRAPHS BELOW PRZECISLAWSCY MANOR HOUSE - CURRENTLY THE SCHOOL BUILDING



adziki Du­ze is a vil­la­ge si­tu­a­ted half­way be­tween Go­lub and Bro­dni­ca, from whe­re the­re is a bus ser­vi­ce. The ruin stands in the east­ern part of the vil­la­ge, on a hill near the church. The­re is a la­rge, un­pa­ved car park at the south­ern en­tran­ce to the school grounds. (map of cas­tles in Ku­ya­vian-Po­me­ra­nian Voi­vo­des­hip)




1. F. S. Dmochowski: Przeklenstwo matki. Opowiadanie..., Verbum 2004
2. B. Guerquin: Zamki w Polsce, Arkady 1984
3. L. Kajzer, J. Salm, S. Kolodziejski: Leksykon zamków w Polsce, Arkady 2001
4. L. Kajzer: Male czy duze, czyli o tzw. zamkach rycerskich na Nizu Polskim
5. T. Olszacki, A. Rózanski: Zamek w Golanczy, Golaniecki Osrodek Kultury 2015


IMG BORDER=1 style=

AS CAN BE SEEN FROM THE ATTACHED PHOTOGRAPH, THE DIRECT SURROUNDINGS OF THE RUINS ARE NOT AS PICTURESQUE AS THEY MIGHT SEEM


Castles nearby:
Brodnica - the ruins of the castle of the Teutonic commanders 14th century, 16 km
Golub-Dobrzyn - the castle of the Teutonic commanders 14th century, 18 km
Sadlowo - the relics of the knights' castle 14th century, 22 km
Kowalewo Pomorskie - the relics of the castle of the Teutonic commanders 13th century, 29 km
Wabrzezno - the relics of the castle of the Teutonic commanders 14th century, 30 km
Kurzetnik - the ruins of the castle of the bishop of Chelmno 14th century, 39 km



It is worth seeing also:


Situated about 150 me­ters north-west of the ca­stle, sur­roun­ded by old trees, the Go­thic church of St. Ca­the­ri­ne, built pro­ba­bly at the sa­me ti­me as the for­ti­fied seat of the Ogon­czyk fa­mi­ly. It is a buil­ding ma­de of bricks with the ad­di­tion of sto­nes, erec­ted on a re­ctan­gu­lar plan with a sa­cris­ty on the north si­de and a porch on the south si­de, en­ri­ched with neo-Go­thic ac­cents in­tro­du­ced du­ring the ni­ne­teenth-cen­tu­ry re­no­va­tion. The most va­lu­able equip­ment of this small tem­ple is a paint­ing of Our La­dy and Child ma­de at the be­gin­ning of the 17th cen­tu­ry, as well as a bap­tis­mal font from 1776 and a 14th cen­tu­ry Go­thic cru­ci­fix. A neo-Go­thic bell to­wer stands next to the church.


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text: 2019
photographs: 2019
© by Jacek Bednarek