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IMG BORDER=1 style=

SARNY, EASTERN ELEVATION OF THE PALACE



lready in the Mid­dle Ages in the up­per part of the vil­la­ge cal­led Ober-Stei­ne, the­re was a small de­fen­si­ve foun­da­tion, pro­ba­bly a re­si­den­tial to­wer e­rec­ted by weal­thy knights, but due to the lack of clear rem­nants of this buil­ding and a de­fi­cit of sour­ce in­for­ma­tion, ve­ry lit­tle is known a­bout it to­day. It is pos­si­ble that the re­lics of this Got­hic strong­hold are hid­den in the cel­lars of the la­ter pa­la­ce and the ground floor of the ga­te buil­ding, al­though no re­se­arch has e­ver been con­duc­ted he­re to con­firm this as­sum­ption. The first known ma­nor hou­se was built in 1590 on the ini­tia­ti­ve of Fa­bian von Rei­chen­bach (+1605), the re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ve of the fa­mi­ly hol­ding the Schar­fe­neck e­sta­te from 1565, when Fa­bian's fa­ther, Gre­gor von Rei­chen­bach of the Pe­ter­witz-Quic­kers­dorf li­ne, bought it from ow­ner of town Neu­ro­de (No­wa Ru­da) Hein­rich von Still­fried (+1615). At the ti­me of com­ple­tion, it was the se­cond lar­gest buil­ding of this ty­pe in Klodz­ko Coun­ty, cha­rac­te­ri­zed by a ma­gni­fi­cent, three-sto­rey a­part­ment hou­se co­ve­red with a man­sard roof.


SCHARFENECK PALACE VIEW FROM 1800


T. BLATTERBAUER'S LITHOGRAPHY FROM THE 80S XIX CENTURY


eichenbach fa­mi­ly lost the pro­per­ty in the 1620s as a re­sult of san­ctions im­po­sed by the im­pe­rial court for sup­por­ting the Pro­tes­tant Reich in the Thir­ty Years' War. In 1661 Lehn­gut Schar­fe­neck re­cei­ved Jo­hann Georg von Göt­zen (+1679), ow­ner of Wam­bie­rzy­ce and foun­der of the Wam­bie­rzy­ce pa­rish church. Du­ring Thir­ty Years' War, Jo­hann suc­cess­ful­ly ser­ved in the Im­pe­rial Ar­my, thanks to which he was a­ble to ac­qui­re lan­ded pro­per­ty in Klodz­ko Coun­ty on con­ve­nient terms, and ob­tai­ned the ti­tle of Ba­ron and la­ter - a Count. As the ma­nor hou­se Sa­rny be­ca­me the seat of the von Göt­zen fa­mi­ly, it was soon re­built in­to a pa­la­ce com­plex - the ser­vants' hou­se was ex­ten­ded to ma­ke it a pa­la­ce wing, and the to­wer was rai­sed and crow­ned with a ba­ro­que hel­met. After Jo­hann Ge­org's death the e­sta­te was ta­ken ov­er by his son Jo­hann Ernst (+1707), fol­lo­wed by his grand­son Jo­hann Franz An­ton Bo­na­ven­tu­ra (+1738). Jo­hann Franz has ma­de a per­ma­nent mark in the his­to­ry of the pa­la­ce thanks to the foun­da­tion of the be­au­ti­ful St. John Ne­po­muk Cha­pel, who­se rich de­co­ra­tion with fres­co­es de­di­ca­ted to the ho­ly mar­tyr has brought its fa­me far be­yond the bor­ders of Klodz­ko Land. In the first half of the 18th cen­tu­ry the Göt­zen fa­mi­ly brought Schar­fe­neck to its pro­spe­ri­ty, en­ri­ching its spa­tial la­yout with a ba­ro­que sum­mer pa­la­ce, erec­ted in the sur­roun­dings of a na­tu­ra­lis­tic park oc­cu­py­ing the op­po­si­te bank of the Wlo­dzi­ca Ri­ver. After the death of the last re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ve of the Si­le­sian fa­mi­ly li­ne Jo­hann Karl Jo­seph (+1771), the e­sta­te was in­he­ri­ted by the go­ver­nor of Klodz­ko Coun­ty, Prus­sian ca­val­ry ge­ne­ral Frie­drich Wil­helm von Göt­zen (+1794) from Bran­den­burg li­ne. In 1866, his grand­son Gus­tav Adolf von Göt­zen (+1910), the la­ter co­lo­nial go­ver­nor of Ger­man East Afri­ca, was born in the pa­la­ce.


PANORAMA OF THE SCHARFENECK RESIDENCE FROM THE NORTH-WEST, 1911


EASTERN ELEVATION OF THE PALACE ON A POSTCARD FROM 1929


n 1876 the Schar­fe­neck e­sta­te was bought by Hen­rik Schnei­der, a law­yer from Ju­go­wi­ce, and then han­ded it o­ver to his son Max Schnei­der. Be­tween 1917 and 1937 the pa­la­ce with farm be­lon­ged to Ru­dolf Röβ­ler, and after his de­ath it be­ca­me the pro­per­ty of Ele­o­no­re Lil­ly Pop­pler de do­mo Röβ­ler (+1940) and her hus­band Franz Pop­pler, pro­fes­sor of agri­cul­tu­ral scien­ces. De­spi­te the fact that du­ring the Se­cond World War the pro­per­ty did not suf­fer from mi­li­ta­ry action, the pre­sen­ce of So­viet sol­diers and the a­cti­vi­ty of Po­lish rob­bers cau­sed that its e­quip­ment was sto­len and the in­ter­iors we­re de­va­sta­ted. Sa­rny was in­cor­po­ra­ted in­to the e­sta­te ma­na­ged by the lo­cal kol­khoz; the re­si­den­tial part was u­sed for com­mu­nal hou­sing and the for­mer farm was a­dap­ted as an a­ni­mal bree­ding cen­tre. This obviou­sly had a di­sas­trous ef­fect on both of the­se pla­ces (1) (2) (3), al­though e­ven wor­se ti­mes for the pa­la­ce ca­me with the li­qui­da­tion of the kol­khoz in 1989, when the mo­nu­ment lost its for­mal ow­ner and thus was de­pri­ved of any pro­tec­tion. In a short ti­me, the re­mains of the de­co­ra­ti­ve in­te­rior and equip­ment we­re sto­len, the cei­ling be­ams flood­ed with wa­ter from the le­aking roof col­lap­sed, and in the be­au­ti­ful cha­pel, in an atmos­phe­re of Ba­ro­que quiet­ness, the re­si­dents sto­red old bi­kes, bro­ken hou­se­hold ap­plian­ces and other items. When it seem­ed that Sar­ny would sha­re the fa­te of ma­ny other Lo­wer Si­les­ian pa­la­ces and man­sions, which fell down after the war and ne­ver ro­se, then a pri­va­te in­ves­tor ap­pe­ared, who bought the ru­in in 2013 with the in­ten­tion of re­vi­ta­li­zing it and from that mo­ment it slow­ly but con­sis­ten­tly re­sto­res its long-lost gla­mour.


THE PALACE ON THE WESTERN SIDE IN THE 1930S


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SARNY IN 2008, ON THE LEFT THE RUIN OF A HISTORIC GRANARY



In 2010, there was a sur­pri­sing news that a Bri­tish foun­da­tion Sa­ve Bri­tain's He­ri­ta­ge was ap­ply­ing to ta­ke o­ver Sa­rny pa­la­ce. This or­ga­ni­sa­tion, for­med by a group of ar­chi­tects, his­to­rians and jour­na­lists, is acti­ve in sa­ving and pro­tec­ting Eu­ro­pe­an mo­nu­ments, but what at­trac­ted the me­dia's at­ten­tion the most was its pa­tron, Prin­ce Char­les of Wa­les, son of Queen Eli­za­beth II. The sa­le of the pro­per­ty in­to the hands of the foun­da­tion ne­ver took pla­ce, ho­we­ver, con­tra­ry to the sce­pti­cal o­pi­nions that this in­for­ma­tion was cheap and not a true sen­sa­tion, Char­les was se­rious­ly in­te­res­ted in Sci­naw­ka. For this pur­po­se, he even con­tac­ted the Po­lish Mi­nis­ter of Cul­tu­re, who pro­mi­sed to sell the object for a sym­bo­lic sum in ex­chan­ge for its re­vi­ta­li­za­tion. Ho­we­ver, the Agri­cul­tu­ral Pro­per­ty Agen­cy un­der the Mi­ni­stry of Agri­cul­tu­re put Sa­rny out to ten­der, which re­sul­ted that the En­glis­hmen re­sig­ned be­cau­se the ini­tial agree­ment with them did not in­clu­de this form of ac­qui­si­tion. The idea of bu­ying in Po­land and la­ter re­vi­ta­li­zing one of the for­mer re­si­den­ces was born after the pu­bli­ca­tion of a re­port a­bout Lo­wer Si­le­sian mo­nu­ments pre­pa­red by Po­lish and Bri­tish con­ser­va­tors, who­se ti­tle best re­flects their con­di­tion: Si­le­sia: The Land of Dy­ing Coun­try Hou­ses.



IMG BORDER=1 style=

THE MAIN PART OF THE MANOR COMPLEX WITH A PALACE, A TOWER AND A CHAPEL


IMG BORDER=1 style=

BAROQUE SUMMER PALACE, SOUTH-WESTERN VIEW



he Renaissance ma­nor hou­se of the von Rei­chen­bachs from 1590 was built on a mild hill o­ver Wlo­dzi­ca Ri­ver val­ley. It was a three-sto­rey buil­ding ma­de of sto­ne and brick with a two-sto­rey at­tic and twin-track in­te­rior la­yout, with rooms on the ground floor co­ve­red with cross vaults and hig­her o­nes co­ve­red with wood­en cei­lings. The en­tran­ce to the cour­tyard of the ma­nor com­plex led from the south through a re­si­den­tial ga­te build­ing de­co­ra­ted with sto­ne por­tals, pre­ser­ved to the pre­sent day in a got­hic form chan­ged in the 19th cen­tu­ry. The do­mi­nant fe­a­tu­re of the pa­la­ce is an oc­ta­go­nal to­wer built in 1730 from the 16th cen­tu­ry stair­ca­se and crow­ned with a ba­ro­que hel­met. La­ter, the buil­ding was mo­di­fied ma­ny ti­mes, among ot­her things, in 1762 a two-sto­rey re­si­den­tial wing was e­rec­ted, and in the 19th cen­tu­ry the Re­nais­san­ce tops we­re re­mo­ved and the cha­rac­te­ris­tic bal­co­ny por­ti­co with a ter­ra­ce was ad­ded, which is now u­sed by the café. The fa­ca­des of ex­ter­nal walls we­re o­ri­gi­nal­ly de­co­ra­ted with win­dow fra­mes and sgraf­fi­to imi­ta­ting ru­sti­ca­tion. Re­si­den­tial and eco­no­mic hou­sing in the 18th cen­tu­ry was com­ple­men­ted by a ba­ro­que sum­mer pa­la­ce sur­roun­ded by a park, and farm buil­dings, in­clu­ding an in­te­res­ting gra­na­ry with two Re­nais­san­ce tops, who­se walls we­re al­so co­ve­red with sgraf­fi­to de­co­ra­tions.




PLAN OF THE MANOR HOUSE IN SCINAWKA: 1. PALACE, 2. CHAPEL, 3. AN INDOOR PORCH WITH A PASSAGEWAY TO THE COURTYARD, 4. TOWER


A RENAISSANCE GATEWAY IN AN OLD DRAWING



ext to the to­wer, after 1722, a ma­gni­fi­cent cha­pel of St. John of Ne­po­muk was e­rec­ted on an el­lip­sis plan, which was con­nec­ted to the ma­nor ho­use via a porch at the height of the first floor. Ta­king in­to ac­count its form and si­ze, the cha­pel in Sa­rny is actu­al­ly a church and was of­ten de­fi­ned as such in the past. This de­fi­ni­tion is al­so sug­ges­ted by the form of the main to­wer, con­struc­ted in the ear­ly 18th cen­tu­ry in such a way that the buil­ding looks li­ke a church bell to­wer. The in­ter­ior of the cha­pel is co­ve­red by a ve­ry rich paint­ing de­co­ra­tion ma­de by Jo­hann Franz Hof­fman from Klodz­ko, de­pic­ting eight sce­nes from the li­fe and mar­tyr­dom of St. John Ne­po­muk, pla­ced in win­dow glyphs on il­lu­sio­nist nails and rib­bons, as well as ima­ges of St. Ap­po­lo­nia and the pa­tro­ness of von Göt­zen fa­mi­ly - St. Bar­ba­ra. The cen­tral part is oc­cu­pied by an al­tar with a ve­ry ra­re ima­ge of a dead saint, abo­ve which the­re is a car­tou­che with a me­dal­lion and the in­scrip­tion DI­VU[S] IO­AN­NE[S] NE­PO­MU[K] SA[N]C­TU[S]. Va­lu­a­ble Ba­ro­que stuc­co and fres­co­es we­re re­sto­red in the 1970s and, de­spi­te the use of the cha­pel in the past for sto­ra­ge pur­po­ses, ha­ve been pre­ser­ved in good con­di­tion to the pre­sent day.


IMG  BORDER=1 style= IMG  BORDER=1 style=

IMG  BORDER=1 style= IMG  BORDER=1 style=

THE INTERIOR OF THE CHAPEL, ON THE RIGHT-HAND SIDE A CEILING COVERED WITH THE POLYCHROME APOTHEOSIS OF ST. JOHN NEPOMUK (HIGHER)
AND AN ALTAR WITH SPATIAL POLYCHROME SHOWING THE IMAGE OF A DEAD SAINT



n initiative of the ow­ners of the pa­la­ce, The Sa­rny Cas­tle Trust was e­sta­blis­hed in 2014, who­se main goal is to re­vi­ta­li­ze the pa­la­ce com­plex, as well as cul­tu­ral and scien­ti­fic a­cti­vi­ties re­la­ted to the pro­te­ction of he­ri­ta­ge and po­pu­la­ri­za­tion of is­su­es con­cer­ning his­to­ry and art. Du­ring the first few ye­ars of its o­pe­ra­tion, the roof of the gra­na­ry was re­built, in the pa­la­ce buil­ding the fal­len cei­lings we­re par­tial­ly re­con­struc­ted, a new hel­met was ins­tal­led on the ba­ro­que to­wer and the ga­te hou­se was ca­re­ful­ly re­no­va­ted, whe­re a sty­lish ca­fé was o­pe­ned. Du­ring the res­cue o­pe­ra­tions, frag­ments of wall po­ly­chro­mes co­ve­ring the rooms on se­cond floor of the pa­la­ce we­re al­so dis­co­ve­red, as well as re­lics of sgraf­fi­te de­co­ra­tions in the in­te­rior of the 17th cen­tu­ry gra­na­ry. After the com­ple­tion of the re­no­va­tion, the ex­pec­ted du­ra­tion of which is cau­tiou­sly e­sti­ma­ted by the in­ves­tors as two de­ca­des, the­re are plans to o­pen a ho­tel in this pla­ce to­get­her with a small mu­se­um and the ac­com­pa­ny­ing lo­cal cul­tu­ral cen­tre ai­med at pro­mo­ting his­to­ri­cal mu­sic, of which one of ow­ners of the ma­nor is a lo­ver. To­day, the pa­la­ce com­plex, which is still in a sta­te of deep ru­in, can on­ly be seen from out­side, but the St. John Ne­po­muk Cha­pel, whe­re the first con­certs ha­ve al­re­ady ta­ken pla­ce, is open to the pub­lic. In the sout­hern part of ma­nor com­plex, se­pa­ra­ted from the Re­nais­san­ce part by the Wlo­dzi­ca ri­ver, the­re is the Ba­ro­que Sum­mer Pa­la­ce, sur­roun­ded by old oaks, whe­re the guest­hou­se cur­ren­tly o­pe­ra­tes. This fa­ci­li­ty is not the pro­per­ty of the trust.


The Sarny Castle Trust
Scinawka Górna 40e, 57-410 Scinawka Górna
tel. 74 814 34 16
e-mail: zarzad(at)zameksarny.pl



IMG  BORDER=1 style= IMG  BORDER=1 style=

LATE RENAISSANCE GATEWAY IN THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE HISTORIC MANOR COMPLEX


IMG  BORDER=1 style= IMG  BORDER=1 style=

IN THE PALACE CAFE... / VIEW OF THE PALACE FROM THE EAST, IN THE FOREGROUND THE RIVER WLODZICA



cinawka Gór­na is si­tu­a­ted on the road 386 con­nec­ting Klodz­ko with the bor­der cros­sing le­a­ding to Brou­mov in Czech Re­pub­lic. The pa­la­ce oc­cu­pies the nort­hern part of the vil­la­ge - dri­ving to­wards the bor­der, the buil­ding is per­fec­tly vi­si­ble on the right. The easiest way to get to the vil­la­ge is by bus from No­wa Ru­da, a lit­tle mo­re dif­fi­cult from Klodz­ko and Rad­ków, whe­re the­re run on­ly a few bu­ses a day. We can park the car next to the ga­te buil­ding. (map of lo­wer si­le­sian cas­tles)




1. J. Lamparska: Zamkowe tajemnice, Asia Press 2009
2. R. Luczynski: Zamki, dwory i palace w Sudetach, Wspólnota Akademicka 2008
3. M. Perzynski: Dolnoslaskie zamki, dwory i palace, WDW 2012
4. M. Perzynski: Zamki, twierdze i palace Dolnego Slaska i Opolszczyzny, WDW 2006


IMG BORDER=1 style=

GROUP OF SARNY MANOR BUILDINGS, VIEW FROM THE WEST


IMG BORDER=1 style=

VIEW FROM THE NORTHEAST: ON THE RIGHT THE RENAISSANCE PALACE, ON THE LEFT THE BAROQUE SUMMER PALACE


Castles nearby:
Scinawka Srednia - residential tower from 14th century, currently a manor house from 16th century, 4 km
Nowa Ruda - the fortified manor house from 14th century, currently baroque palace, 6 km
Scinawka Dolna - Renaissance manor house from 16th century, 8 km
Ratno Dolne - the ruin of a noble castle from 16th century, 10 km
Szalejów - fortified St. George's Church from 15th century, 19 km
Klodzko - Kłodzko fortress from 17th/18th century, 21 km
Srebrna Góra - Srebrna Góra fortress from 18th century, 21 km
Stary Wielislaw - fortified church of St. Catherine of Alexandria from 15 century, 26 km
Bardo Slaskie - relics of the duke's castle from 14th century, 28 km
Rudnica - the ruin of fortified mansion from 16th century, 28 km
Stoszowice - noble castle from 13th/14th century, altered in 17th century, 28 km
Żelazno - Gothic residential tower from 15th century, 28 km



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In Wambierzyce, located 12 kilometres south of Sci­naw­ka, the ma­gni­fi­cent Ba­ro­que Ba­si­li­ca e­rec­ted in the years 1715-23 by the ow­ner of the Sa­rny, Jo­hann Franz von Göt­zen. The church was built on the walls of a tem­ple foun­ded on­ly twen­ty years ear­lier by Count Da­niel von Os­ten­berg from Ra­tno Dol­ne, which, ho­we­ver, soon be­gan to col­lap­se and was dis­man­tled. To the ba­si­li­ca, cal­led Lo­wer Si­le­sian Je­ru­sa­­lem, lead a cha­rac­te­ris­tic mo­nu­me­tal stairs with fi­fty-se­ven steps, sym­bo­li­zing the sum of Christ's years at death, Ma­ry's age at the ti­me of con­cep­tion and the num­ber of an­ge­lic choirs. From the top of the stairs the­re is a pic­tu­res­que view of the nu­me­rous cal­va­ry sta­tions set up on the ad­ja­cent hill. Di­vi­ded in­to three parts, the church ri­ses to a height of 52 me­ters, which com­bi­ned with its lo­ca­tion a­bo­ve the le­vel of the sur­roun­ding buil­dings ma­kes it look li­ke an im­pres­si­ve pa­la­ce. Its fa­ça­de is or­na­men­ted with rich de­co­ra­tions in the form of fi­gu­res of saints and sce­nes of Ma­ry's co­ro­na­tion by the Ho­ly Tri­ni­ty, un­der which the co­at of arms of the Hab­sburg Em­pi­re is pla­ced. The Ba­ro­que in­te­rior of the tem­ple is de­co­ra­ted with pain­tings and scul­ptu­res, of which the works of Ka­rol Se­bas­tian Flac­ker are par­ti­cu­lar­ly no­te­wor­thy: the rich­ly or­na­men­ted pul­pit and the main al­tar con­tai­ning the mi­ra­cu­lous sta­tue of the Vir­gin Ma­ry.


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text: 2019
photographs: 2008, 2019
© by Jacek Bednarek