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IMG BORDER=1 style=

THE RUINS OF THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY, ON THE RIGHT THE ABBOT'S PALACE ERECTED USING THE WALLS OF THE MEDIEVAL TOWER



he first pre­ser­ved no­te a­bout the vil­la­ge co­mes from a do­cu­ment by Hen­rik the Be­ar­ded (+1238) is­su­ed in 1209 for Ab­bot Wi­to­slaw, the su­per­ior of the mo­na­ste­ry of the Vir­gin Ma­ry in Wro­claw. It lists the ol­dest ow­ners of the set­tle­ment known to us to­day, co­mes Ste­pha­nus de Wir­bna (Ste­fan the Old, +1241) and his cou­sins co­mes Jo­han­nes de Wir­bno (Jan from Wierz­bno, +1266) et fra­ter eius Ni­co­laus (Mi­ko­laj from Wierz­bno, +1209). Pre­su­ma­bly, the fa­mi­ly seat was esta­blis­hed in this pla­ce du­ring the reign of Bo­le­slaw the High ( +1201) af­ter the du­ke gran­ted the lands to the no­ble e­li­te of Si­le­sia of that ti­me, to which the Wierz­bno fa­mi­ly cer­tain­ly be­lon­ged. Ho­wev­er, the pro­blem is the lo­ca­tion of the first strong­hold, be­cau­se du­ring ar­cha­e­o­lo­gi­cal works the re­mains of as ma­ny as three brick ob­jects we­re dis­co­ve­red in the vil­la­ge, at least two of which we­re cha­rac­te­ri­zed by for­ti­fied fe­a­tu­res. Per­haps e­ven the­se pla­ces fun­ctio­ned for so­me ti­me si­mul­ta­ne­ous­ly cre­a­ting a lar­ger com­plex con­sis­ting of a Ro­ma­nes­que church, a ma­nor hou­se and a for­ti­fied set­tle­ment built on a near­by hill cal­led Skal­ka. In any ca­se, so­me his­to­rians pre­sent a view that pro­bab­ly the watch­to­wer on Skal­ka da­ting back to the turn of the 12th and 13th cen­tur­ies is the ol­dest for­ti­fied buil­ding in Wierz­bna. This le­ads to the o­pi­nion that the rock for­tress may ha­ve been the ear­liest or one of the ear­lier e­xam­ples of a pri­va­te brick cas­tle in Si­le­sia.


IMG BORDER=1 style=

VIEW OF THE PALACE FROM THE EAST, BAROQUE GATE LEADING TO THE MONASTERY ON THE LEFT



Accor­ding to the hy­po­the­sis quo­ted in the li­te­ra­tu­re, the Wierz­bno fa­mi­ly could ha­ve o­ri­gi­na­ted from the Lis fa­mi­ly from Ma­lo­pol­ska, who­se re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ves ca­me in­to con­flict with du­ke Ca­si­mir the Just, as a re­sult of which they we­re for­ced to mo­ve per­ma­nen­tly to Si­le­sia, whe­re they re­cei­ved sig­ni­fi­cant land grants from Bo­le­slaw the High. The first mem­ber of the fa­mi­ly men­tio­ned in do­cu­ments was An­drzej, ca­stel­lan of Glo­gow, men­tio­ned in 1202. His son Ste­fan the Old was kil­led in a me­mo­ra­ble bat­tle at Le­gni­ca in 1241, whe­re grand­son An­drzej, ca­stel­lan of Niem­cza and Bo­le­sla­wi­ce, al­so died. An­drzej's bro­ther, Jan from Wierz­bno, was ini­tial­ly to go to Pa­ris to stu­dy, and then to car­ry out his prie­stly mi­nis­try. In the fa­ce of fa­mi­ly tra­ge­dy as the head of the fa­mi­ly, ho­we­ver, he had to gi­ve up his church ca­reer, thanks to which he was re­mem­be­red as a clo­se ad­vi­or to He­nry III the Whi­te and the fa­ther of the "most out­stan­ding" re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ve of the fa­mi­ly - He­nry, who in the years 1302-1319 se­rved as the Wro­claw bis­hop, as well as the foun­der of the in­qui­sit­ion tri­bu­nal cha­sing he­re­sy and im­po­sing death sen­ten­ces by bur­ning at sta­ke.

Over the cen­tu­ries the fa­mi­ly has bran­ched out and its mem­bers ha­ve ac­qui­red nu­me­rous e­sta­tes in Si­le­sia, Bo­he­mia and Mo­ra­via, among ot­hers in 1505 they in­he­ri­ted the town of Brun­tal, from which they took their sur­na­me. Ho­we­ver, at the end of the 13th cen­tu­ry the fa­mi­ly li­ne con­nec­ted with Wierz­bna lost its strong po­si­tion at the du­cal court, which was cau­sed by the cre­a­tion of a new Du­chy of Swid­ni­ca and Ja­wor and the pre­fe­ren­tial at­ti­tu­de of Bol­ko I to the in­co­ming Czech and Ger­man knights. Seek­ing to im­pro­ve their ma­te­rial si­tu­a­tion, al­most all the ma­le mem­bers of the fa­mi­ly chose a priest­ly ca­reer, which na­tu­rall­y led to the ter­mi­na­tion of the fa­mi­ly in the mid­dle of the 14th cen­tu­ry.



IMG BORDER=1 style=

ABBOTS' PALACE IN WIERZBNA, VIEW FROM THE SOUTHWEST


he castle on Skal­ka pro­bab­ly exis­ted un­til the be­gin­ning of the 14th cen­tu­ry, when it was - per­haps as a re­sult of so­me mi­li­ta­ry act­ions - de­stro­yed by fi­re and then de­mo­lis­hed. The end of the pe­riod of its fun­ctio­ning was al­so con­nec­ted with the ex­tin­ction of the ma­le li­ne of the fa­mi­ly of lords from Wierz­bna. The con­seq­uen­ce of this was the chan­ge of the ow­ner of the vil­la­ge, which in 1366 al­re­ady be­lon­ged to Kon­rad von Ro­hau. In a po­pu­lar but not u­na­ni­mous o­pi­nion, the re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ves of this Si­le­sian knigh­tly fa­mi­ly e­rec­ted a re­si­den­tial to­wer in the se­cond half of the 14th cen­tu­ry, the re­lics of which can be found in the sha­pe of the pre­ser­ved pa­la­ce. The to­wer, to­get­her with all the lo­cal he­ri­ta­ge, was sold in 1403 to the Cis­ter­cian Ab­bey of Krze­szów, as evi­den­ced by pre­ser­ved do­cu­ments, whe­re it can be read that be­si­des the pro­per­ties and land be­lon­ging to Hans von Ro­hau, the Cis­ter­cians al­so pur­cha­sed this ge­ma­wer­te Hof. In this way, the monks be­ca­me the ow­ners of a lar­ge part of the vil­la­ge, but not of the church and the lands be­lon­ging to it, be­cau­se the­se we­re in the hands of the Cis­ter­cians of Ka­mie­niec Zab­ko­wic­ki. The two com­mu­ni­ties did not li­ke each ot­her, so the­re we­re con­flicts, quar­rels o­ver bor­ders, au­tho­ri­ties and in­flu­en­ces. Such a si­tu­a­tion las­ted un­til 1585, when the monks from Ka­mie­niec Zab­ko­wic­ki de­ci­ded to get rid of the pa­rish in Wierz­bna and af­ter se­ven years of ne­go­tia­tions sold it to the Cis­ter­cians from Krze­szów. Un­der the ma­na­ge­ment of the lat­ter, the in­sti­tu­tion was first trans­for­med in­to a pa­rish, and in 1680 it was con­ver­ted in­to a con­vent. The gro­wing im­por­tan­ce of this lo­ca­tion led to in­vest­ments: on the ini­tia­ti­ve of Ber­nard Ro­sa (+1696) a ma­gni­fi­cent mo­na­ste­ry was built ne­ar the church, and next to it - using the walls of a me­die­val to­wer - in the 1680s a pa­la­ce was built to ser­ve as a sum­mer re­si­den­ce for the ab­bot him­self. The work be­gun by Ro­sa was con­ti­nu­ed by Ab­bot In­no­cent Fritsch (+1734), who ex­ten­ded the church but did not com­ple­te the mo­der­ni­sa­tion of its ex­ter­ior, which was main­ly due to the con­cen­tra­tion of the Or­der's ex­pen­ses on the mo­nu­men­tal Ba­ro­que foun­da­tion in Krze­szów, which was being built at the sa­me ti­me.


A VIEW OF THE PRIOR OF THE CISTERCIAN MONASTERY IN KRZESZÓW ON THE TITLE PAGE OF THE INVENTORY FROM 1785



On 28 Ja­nu­a­ry 1807 a small bat­tle took pla­ce near Wierz­bna, which was part of Na­po­le­on Bo­na­par­te's war with the 4th anti-French co­a­li­tion. The ca­val­ry­men from Würt­tem­berg, who we­re part of the Na­po­le­o­nic corps be­sie­ging Swid­ni­ca, bro­ke up a unit of Prus­sians the­re, pro­tec­ting a group of pe­o­ple sent from the for­tress to get wood. The fight en­ded with ca­ptu­ring 55 Prus­sian sol­diers to­get­her with their com­man­der, Ca­ptain Bal­win. A few days la­ter, on 7 and 8 Fe­bru­a­ry, the con­dit­ions for the sur­ren­der of Swid­ni­ca we­re ne­go­tia­ted in the pa­la­ce in Wierz­bna. The French ar­my en­te­red Swid­ni­ca on 16 Fe­bru­ary on the ba­sis of the ar­ran­ge­ments ma­de he­re, and the Em­pe­ror's bro­ther, Prin­ce Hie­ro­nim Bo­na­par­te, per­so­nal­ly su­per­vi­sed the pa­ra­de of the for­tress gar­ri­son. In Wierz­bna the French we­re ac­com­mo­da­ted un­til 1808.



THE PALACE IN THE PHOTOGRAPH FROM THE 1ST DECADE OF THE XX CENTURY


n 1810, the se­cu­la­ri­za­tion of or­ders in Prus­sia took pla­ce, which al­so in­clu­ded the Si­les­ian Cis­ter­cians. Ru­ined by wars and ha­ving hu­ge fi­nan­cial pro­blems, the Prus­sian Sta­te took o­ver the mo­nas­tic pro­per­ty and star­ted to sell it - thus the new ow­ner of the pa­la­ce be­ca­me the Prus­sian Fo­reign Mi­nis­ter Au­gust Graf von der Goltz (+1832). La­ter, the re­pre­sen­ta­ti­ves of the Malt­tzan fa­mi­ly li­ved in Wierz­bna, and the mer­chant Gold­smied, from whom the es­ta­te was pur­cha­sed in 1859 by the court mar­shal, the il­le­gi­ti­ma­te son of the Prus­sian king - Edu­ard von Wal­den­burg (+1882). In the 1890s, Al­fred von Wal­den­burg (+1915) sup­plied the pa­la­ce with run­ning wa­ter and e­lec­tri­ci­ty and en­ri­ched its ap­pe­a­ran­ce with de­tails re­fer­ring to neo-Got­hic, the ow­ner's fa­vou­ri­te ar­chi­tec­tu­ral sty­le. Al­though the en­ti­re his­to­ri­cal com­plex sur­vi­ved World War II wit­hout se­rious da­ma­ge, the sub­seq­uent pre­sen­ce of So­viet sol­diers and the 'ca­re' of the kol­khoz es­ta­blis­hed in the for­mer ma­nor farm left its mark on it, cha­rac­te­ris­tic for the pa­la­ces ly­ing in ex-Prus­sian ter­ri­to­ry, i.e. eve­ry­thing of any va­lu­e was sto­len, and the rest was de­vas­ta­ted. Luc­ki­ly, the pa­la­ce buil­ding was ar­ran­ged in a re­si­den­tial buil­ding, which so­me­what slow­ed down the pro­cess of de­gra­da­tion. In re­cent years the­re has been on­ly one man li­ving the­re, who was e­vic­ted in 2002 af­ter the ru­ined ab­bey was bought from the Mu­ni­ci­pa­li­ty by the Chu­dów Cas­tle Foun­da­tion. On the ini­tia­ti­ve of this or­ga­ni­za­tion, the most ur­gent pre­ven­ti­ve works we­re car­ried out and the park was cle­a­ned up.


WIDOK WSCHODNIEGO SKRZYDŁA PAŁACOWEGO, 1910



A LIST OF ABBOTS OF KRZESZÓW FROM THE TIME OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE PRIORY IN WIERZBNA
TO THE SECULARIZATION OF THE ORDER

Bernard Rosa (1660-1696)
Dominik Geyer (1696-1726)
Innocenty Fritsch (1726-1734)
Benedykt II Seidel (1734-1763)
Malachiasz Schönwiese (1763-1767)
Placyd Mundfering (1768-1787)
Piotr II Keylich (1787-1797)
Jan VII Langer (1797-1800)
Idefons Reuschel (1800-1810, died 1823)



IMG  BORDER=1 style= IMG  BORDER=1 style=

IMG  BORDER=1 style= IMG  BORDER=1 style=

ON THE LEFT: THE RUINS OF THE MONASTERY, IN THE FOREGROUND THE REMNANTS OF THE BAROQUE FOUNTAIN
ON THE RIGHT: SOUTHERN FAÇADE OF THE PALACE, 2012 STATE



he first iden­ti­fied for­ti­fied set­tle­ment in Wierz­bna was a mot­te fort­ress on a hill cal­led Skal­ka, who­se con­struc­tion da­tes back to the turn of the 12th and 13th cen­tu­ries. Pre­su­ma­bly in the se­cond half of the 13th cen­tu­ry it was re­pla­ced by a brick to­wer-don­jon, built on a re­ctan­gu­lar plan me­a­su­ring 12x17 me­ters, with a lon­ger axis or­ien­ted north-south. It was a buil­ding wit­hout a ba­se­ment, at least two sto­reys high, with two cham­bers in the ground floor. It was clo­sed from the east by a 1.2 me­tre wi­de pe­ri­me­ter wall run­ning a straight li­ne to the bor­der of the sum­mit, whe­re it tur­ned le­a­ding fur­ther a­long the ed­ge of the slo­pe in a south-west­ern di­rec­tion. The nort­hern part of the com­plex was oc­cu­pied by a small sub-cas­tle. In its area, re­lics of a wood­en buil­ding me­a­su­ring 6x7 me­ters and a si­gni­fi­cant a­mount of ce­ra­mic and ani­mal bo­nes we­re found, sug­ges­ting that this ob­ject could ha­ve been u­sed in the past as an au­xil­ia­ry fa­ci­li­ty for the kit­chen. In the fi­nal pha­se of the fort­ress' ope­ra­tion, the main walls of the to­wer and the wall sur­roun­ding the small east­ern court­yard we­re de­mo­lis­hed, and a new li­ne of sto­ne for­ti­fi­ca­tions was built on the crown of the ele­va­ted ram­parts. The re­si­den­tial ro­le was ta­ken o­ver by the half-tim­be­red buil­dings, so at the end of its exis­ten­ce it was al­re­a­dy a to­wer­less cas­tle. This pla­ce was pro­bab­ly a­ban­do­ned in the first half of the 14th cen­tu­ry, al­though af­ter 1400 a re­si­den­tial buil­ding was built he­re, which, ho­we­ver, did not ha­ve any for­ti­fied fe­a­tu­res.



PLAN OF THE CASTLE ON SKALKA FROM THE TURN OF THE XIII AND XIV CENTURIES: 1. OUTLINE OF THE MAIN WALLS OF THE TOWER,
2. OLD FORTIFICATION WALL, 3. NEW FORTIFICATION WALL, 4. HALF-TIMBER BUILDINGS, 5. REMAINS OF AN EARLIER UTILITY BUILDING
SOURCE: A. M. ROSIEK SIEDZIBY RYCERSKIE W KSIESTWIE SWIDNICKO-JAWORSKIM DO KONCA XIV WIEKU


n the im­me­dia­te vi­ci­ni­ty of the pa­la­ce we­re dis­co­ve­red the re­mains of a brick buil­ding from the 13th cen­tu­ry, which per­haps ser­ved as the first re­si­den­ce of the lords of Wierz­bno, al­though they may well be re­lics of the me­die­val pre­sby­te­ry. In its pla­ce, a buil­ding was e­rec­ted in the se­cond half of the 14th cen­tu­ry with a half-tim­ber con­struc­tion, equip­ped with two hy­po­caust heat­ing de­vi­ces: ol­der - ma­de of sto­ne and young­er - ma­de of sto­ne and brick. The buil­ding was pro­ba­bly an un­for­ti­fied seat of the von Ro­hau fa­mi­ly and exis­ted he­re un­til the be­gin­ning of the 15th cen­tu­ry, when the vil­la­ge was ta­ken o­ver by the Cis­ter­cian Or­der. Un­der the ru­le of von Ro­hau, in the 14th cen­tu­ry or on­ly in the first half of the 15th cen­tu­ry, a sto­ne re­si­den­tial to­wer was built in the east­ern part of the com­plex. The to­wer was e­rec­ted on a re­ctan­gu­lar plan with di­men­sions of 15x12.7 me­ters, had at least three sto­reys and had a bi­par­ti­te plan with vaul­ted cel­lars. Its cor­ners we­re ma­de of ca­re­ful­ly tre­a­ted sand­sto­ne blocks; this ma­ter­ial was al­so u­sed to cre­ate the en­tran­ce por­tal and win­dow fra­mes. The me­die­val buil­ding was la­ter mo­di­fied at least twi­ce, and at the end of the 17th cen­tu­ry it was in­cor­po­ra­ted in­to the east­ern wing of the new ba­ro­que ab­bey pa­la­ce.



PLAN OF THE OLDEST PART OF THE PALACE: 1. WALLS OF THE RESIDENTIAL TOWER FROM THE XIV/XV CENTURY, 2. RELICS OF THE BUILDING
FROM THE XIII CENTURY, 3. REMNANTS OF A FORMER MOAT, 4. HYPOCAUSTUM FURNACES, 5. BUILDINGS FROM THE XVII CENTURY
SOURCE: A. M. ROSIEK SIEDZIBY RYCERSKIE W KSIESTWIE SWIDNICKO-JAWORSKIM DO KONCA XIV WIEKU



A PLAN FOR A MONASTERY COMPLEX IN WIERZBNA: 1. MEDIEVAL TOWER, 2. PALACE 17TH CENTURY, 3. MONASTERY 18TH CENTURY
4. ROMANESQUE CHURCH 13TH CENTURY, 5. BAROQUE CHURCH 18TH CENTURY, FARM BUILDINGS 18TH CENTURY



Near the mo­na­ste­ry buil­dings and the pond the­re are mys­ter­ious sto­ne pe­ni­ten­tial cros­ses. Ac­cor­ding to le­gend, they are a re­min­der of the mur­der com­mit­ted by a young man who, af­ter re­tur­ning from a war ex­pe­dit­ion, found his be­lo­ved wo­man in the arms of anot­her man. When the day of the un­faith­ful girl's wed­ding with her new fian­cé ca­me, he wai­ted by the lo­cal road, whe­re the wed­ding pro­ces­sion was to ta­ke pla­ce. As the pro­ces­sion pas­sed by, the un­hap­py lo­ver jum­ped out of the bush and kil­led one by one: the bri­de, her hus­band, wit­nes­ses and pa­rents. A to­tal of se­ven pe­ople.

Such a de­scrip­tion of events is, of cour­se, on­ly a tra­gic le­gend. In fact, cros­ses we­re pla­ced he­re in the 19th cen­tu­ry, when so­me­one pic­ked them up from the sur­roun­ding fields. The­re are fi­ve cros­ses. Ma­de of gra­ni­te, they are from 95 to 170 cen­ti­met­res high and in two ca­ses ha­ve a sign with the ima­ge of a spear and grot­to. Two ad­di­tio­nal cros­ses can be found at the church, whe­re in the 20th cen­tu­ry they we­re mo­ved from Pan­ków and Kol­no to pro­tect them from de­va­sta­tion.

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FROM THE LEFT-HAND UPPER PHOTOGRAPH IN A CLOCKWISE DIRECTION: REFLECTION OF THE PALACE IN THE POND, LONG HOUSE,
VIEW OF THE PALACE FROM THE NORTHEAST, IN FRONT OF THE BAROQUE GATEWAY



he ruins of the for­mer mo­na­ste­ry com­plex do­mi­na­te the vil­la­ge and, des­pi­te the far-re­aching de­gra­da­tion, are still im­pres­si­ve. In re­la­ti­ve­ly best con­di­tion, the­re is a 17th cen­tu­ry Ba­ro­que pa­la­ce, in the east­ern wing of which are hid­den sto­ne walls of me­die­val to­wer, pre­ser­ved to a height of mo­re than 9 me­ters. After the buil­ding was ta­ken over by the Chu­dów Ca­stle Foun­da­tion, it was se­cu­red a­gainst fur­ther de­gra­da­tion: walls we­re se­cu­red, chim­neys and the roof we­re re­pai­red. The long mo­na­ste­ry buil­ding near the pa­la­ce is un­for­tu­na­te­ly a com­ple­te ruin. A rem­nant of the old days is al­so the wa­ter to­wer, cal­led Paul Kel­ler's To­wer, built at the end of the 17th cen­tu­ry to sup­ply the pro­per­ty with wa­ter. Ini­tial­ly, it was a­bout 50 me­ters high, which is a­bout as high as the dif­fe­ren­ce in al­ti­tu­de be­tween the ri­ver and the mo­na­ste­ry. It was crow­ned with a he­a­ted re­ser­voir, from whe­re wa­ter flo­wed through a wood­en wa­ter sup­ply sy­stem to the buil­dings of the Cis­ter­cians. The en­ti­re ma­nor and mo­na­ste­ry com­plex is no lo­nger a pro­per­ty of the foun­da­tion and is cur­ren­tly not ac­ces­sib­le to vi­si­tors or the ac­ces­si­bi­li­ty is li­mi­ted.


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IN THE RUINS OF A FORMER MONASTERY BUILDING CALLED THE LONG HOUSE


he for­mer mo­na­ste­ry is ad­ja­cent to the be­au­ti­ful Ro­ma­nes­que pa­rish church, who­se uniq­ue­ness is em­pha­si­zed by the fact that in the Mid­dle Ages it was pro­ba­bly the on­ly two to­wer church in the who­le Si­le­sia. The two-to­wer fa­ça­de, as well as the ra­re pre­ci­sion of the pro­ces­sing of lar­ge gra­ni­te blocks te­sti­fied to the ex­tra­or­di­na­ry fi­nan­cial ca­pa­bi­li­ties of its foun­ders - the lords of Wierz­bno. In­si­de, at­ten­tion is drawn to the 14th-cen­tu­ry po­ly­chro­me and 18th-cen­tu­ry fres­co de­co­ra­tion of the vault, as well as the main al­tar with a pain­ting by Mi­cha­el Le­o­pold Wil­lman and Ba­ro­que fur­nis­hings main­ly o­ri­gi­na­ting from the for­mer mo­na­ste­ry com­plex in Krze­szów. The most a­ma­zing, ho­we­ver, is the la­yout of the tem­ple with two na­ves set at right an­gles to each ot­her. In the 18th cen­tu­ry, the re­la­ti­ve­ly small Ro­ma­nes­que part was al­re­ady too small to ac­com­mo­da­te the be­lie­vers, so a much lar­ger Ba­ro­que north wing was ad­ded, which la­ter took o­ver the fun­ction of the main na­ve.


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MONASTERY CHURCH, ON THE LEFT BAROQUE PART DATING FROM THE XVIII CENTURY, ON THE RIGHT XIII-CENTURY ROMANESQUE PART




he vil­lage of Wierz­bna is lo­ca­ted a­bout 7 km north of Swid­ni­ca, by the road to Za­rów. Going in the di­re­ction of Swid­ni­ca, the pa­la­ce will be vi­si­ble on the right si­de, just be­hind the church - a nar­row, steep clim­bing road leads to it. We can park the car at the ga­te. Ad­dress: Wierz­bna, 7 Kos­ciel­na Street. (map of cas­tles in Lo­wer Si­le­sia)




1. A. Boguszewicz, L.Koniarek: Sprawozdanie z badan archeologicznych siedziby [...] w Wierzbnej w 1999r.
2. M. Chorowska: Rezydencje sredniowieczne na Slasku, OFPWW 2003
3. J. Lamparska: Niezwykle miejsca wokół Wroclawia, część 3, Asia-Press 2006
4. M. Perzynski: Zamki, twierdze i palace Dolnego Slaska i Opolszczyzny, WDW 2006
5. A. M. Rosiek: Siedziby rycerskie w ksiestwie swidnicko-jaworskim do konca XIV wieku, Kraków 2010


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IN THE FOREGROUND, THE MONASTERY POND AND THE REMAINS OF THE HISTORIC PARK


Castles nearby:
Bagieniec - Renaissance castle 16th century, rebuilt, 3 km
Panków - the ruins of a noble castle 15th century., 3 km
Swidnica - relics of Duke's castle 13th century., 7 km
Krasków - knight's castle 14th century, rebuilt into a palace, 8 km
Piotrowice Swidnickie - fortified mansion 16th century, 8 km
Pastuchów - residential tower 15th/16th century, 10 km
Domanice - Renaissance castle 16th century, rebuilt, 12 km
Grodziszcze - relics of castle 13th century, 14 km



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text: 2019
photographs: 2012
© by Jacek Bednarek