***** THE POLISH CASTLES *****

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CASTLES IN POLAND

45 castles are described. Latest update: 22.07.2021



O

ld castles. Pearls of the Middle Ages. Witnesses of the past, ro­man­tic and full of mys­ter­ies, have been at­tract­ing hu­man eye­sight and arous­ing emo­tions for a long time. Re­gard­less of whether they were ris­ing on in­ac­ces­si­ble hills or occu­py­ing low­land mead­ows among muds or riv­er flood­plains, they in­vari­ably in­flu­enced hu­man imag­i­na­tion. Some were in­tro­duced to the ir­ra­tional world, so dif­fer­ent from the ev­ery­day and or­der­ly lives of or­di­nary peo­ple. For oth­ers, it brought to mind mem­o­ries of the splen­dour of the col­lapsed walls and cas­tle build­ings, which used to be ei­ther pow­er­ful roy­al fort­ress­es or the seats of ex­cel­lent knight­ly fam­i­lies.

T

oday, these buildings are a material legacy of architecture, a proof of the rich­ness of the past, a rea­son for great pride. Of­ten ru­ined, aban­doned, func­tion­al­ly use­less, they now play the role of un­ques­tion­able dis­tin­guish­ing fea­tures of the cul­tur­al land­scape, an­chors of mem­o­ry strength­en­ing the feel­ing of lo­cal, re­gion­al and na­tion­al iden­ti­ty. Some of these won­der­ful me­men­toes of the past have been tak­en care of by the Pol­ish State or its cit­i­zens, some of them be­came a des­ti­na­tion for thou­sands and a sym­bol with­out which it would be dif­fi­cult to imag­ine the his­tor­i­cal im­age of our coun­try. Oth­ers were less for­tu­nate. De­prived of care, shame­ful­ly hid­den among the green­ery of old parks and gar­dens, they are standing de­stroyed and for­got­ten, jeal­ous­ly guard­ing se­crets that few of us have ev­er known. More



22.07.2021 ... romantic castle on Góreckie Lake

This small neo-goth­ic palace on an is­land in the mid­dle of a pic­turesque lake was found­ed and prob­a­bly per­son­al­ly de­signed by Ty­tus Dzia­łyń­ski, the own­er of Kór­nik and Ko­na­rze­wo. Ro­man­tic build­ing was a gift from Ty­tus to his sis­ter Klau­dy­na Dzia­łyń­ska and her hus­band Ber­nard Po­toc­ki on the oc­ca­sion of their wed­ding which was cel­e­brat­ed on Au­gust 25, 1825...more


14.07.2021 ... castle in Wieliczka

The cas­tle and the town are strong­ly con­nect­ed with rock salt ex­plo­ration car­ried out in this re­gion of Ma­ło­pol­ska. The first traces of this ac­tiv­i­ty can be found in the 13th cen­tu­ry mine shaft lo­cat­ed with­in the me­dieval cas­tle court­yard. Ac­cord­ing to tra­di­tion, the founder of the cas­tle was Duke of Cra­cow, Hen­ryk IV Pro­bus, who, soon af­ter the dis­cov­ery of rich salt lodes...more


29.06.2021 ... Bolczów castle

The ori­gins of the vil­lage of Janow­ice, to which the Bol­czów cas­tle, hid­den in the deep for­est, is ad­min­is­tra­tive­ly sub­or­di­nate, prob­a­bly date back to the 13th cen­tu­ry, al­though the first men­tion of it dates back to 1334 and con­cerns the then in­hab­i­tant (may­or?) Fran­ci­szek von Ywa­ne­witz. In the mid-14th cen­tu­ry, this set­tle­ment, to­geth­er with Miedzian­ka and Mnisz­ków vil­lages...more


20.06.2021 ... Krzyżtopór castle in Ujazd

When we ad­mire the pic­turesque ru­ins of Krzyż­to­pór Cas­tle, it is hard to be­lieve that this mag­nif­i­cent build­ing, which was the largest res­i­dence in Eu­rope be­fore the cre­ation of Ver­sailles, func­tioned in its full glo­ry for on­ly eleven years! It was the mag­num opus of the San­do­mierz cham­ber­lain Krzy­sztof Os­so­liń­ski, coat of arms To­pór, who built a res­i­dence more splen­did...more


1.06.2021 ... monastery in Zagórz

The Monastery of Dis­calced Car­me­li­tes in Za­górz was found­ed by the Voi­vode of Vol­hy­nia Jan Fran­ci­szek Stad­nic­ki coat-of-arms Śre­nia­wa, al­leged­ly as a vo­tive of­fer­ing for the de­fense of Le­sko against the Swe­dish army dur­ing their in­va­sion of 1655-60. We do not know the foun­da­tion act, but based on his­tor­i­cal records we can as­sume that con­struc­tion work on this pro­ject be­gan...more


22.04.2021 ... castle in Golub-Dobrzyń

The hill, on which the beau­ti­ful cas­tle stands, has ear­ly me­dieval ori­gins, be­cause prob­a­bly al­ready in the 8th cen­tu­ry there was a small set­tle­ment in this place. In the course of time it de­vel­oped in­to a wood­en-earth for­ti­fied cas­tle, which was con­quered by armed Teu­ton­ic troops in 1231. Two decades lat­er the Or­der passed it to­geth­er with the vi­la Gol­ube...more


25.02.2021 ... castle in Świdwin

It is not known when the Goth­ic cas­tle in Swid­win was built. Ac­cord­ing to his­to­ri­ans, it was prob­a­bly found­ed by Duke Przy­by­sław II of Meck­len­burg, who in 1286 leased the Świd­win prop­er­ty pay­ing the Bran­den­burg Mar­grave Al­brecht four thou­sand marks for it. The con­struc­tion work prob­a­bly start­ed soon af­ter this trans­ac­tion...more


13.02.2021 ... castle Grodziec

On steep basalt hill, where the ma­jes­tic cas­tle is now lo­cat­ed, in the ear­ly Mid­dle Ages there was a strong­hold be­long­ing to the Slav­ic Bo­brza­nie tribe. The first men­tion about Gro­dziec dates back to 23 April 1155. This was the date of the pa­pal bull is­sued by Pope Hadri­an IV for the bish­opric of Wro­cław, in which Go­diu­ice was list­ed among oth­er Si­le­sian castel­la­nies...more


21.01.2021 ... castle in Konin-Gosławice

Gosław­ice vil­lage was the first time men­tioned in doc­u­ments dat­ed 1280, when it was do­nat­ed to the Cis­ter­cian abbey in Ląd by Prince Prze­mys­law II. On­ly three years lat­er the land was bought from the Cis­ter­cians by Arch­bish­op of Gniezno and from then un­til the mid­dle of the 14th cen­tu­ry the vil­lage be­longed to the Church. Ap­prox­i­mate­ly at that time, prob­a­bly be­fore 1360...more


9.01.2021 ... Ostrów Lednicki stronghold

The old­est traces of hu­man pres­ence on the largest of the five is­lands of the post-glacial lake Led­ni­ca date back to the Stone Age and are prob­a­bly re­lat­ed to the ex­is­tence of a set­tle­ment in­hab­it­ed by Ne­olith­ic hunters and shep­herds. In the Bronze Age, this land was pop­u­lat­ed by a com­mu­ni­ty linked to the Lusa­tian cul­ture, while from the Ro­man times...more


28.12.2020 ... Czocha castle

In the early Middle Ages, a wooden fortified strong­hold func­tioned here. The first men­tion about this place comes from 1241, iden­ti­fy­ing it as a bor­der point called Mons Ty­zow. The his­to­ry of the brick cas­tle be­gins in the mid­dle of the 13th cen­tu­ry, prob­a­bly be­cause of the Czech king Vá­clav I Pře­mys­lid, known as the One-Eyed, or his son Př­mysl II Ot­tokar...more


13.12.2020 ... Homole castle

It is believed that in the early Middle Ages a wooden-earth Slavic strong­hold op­er­at­ed on Go­mo­la hill. And al­though its ex­is­tence has not yet been ver­i­fied by ar­chae­ol­o­gists, the ar­gu­ments for such a ver­sion of his­to­ry can be pro­vid­ed by its con­ve­nient lo­ca­tion on a hill by trade route con­nect­ing Si­le­sia with Bo­he­mia, called the Pol­ish Road (Polen­weg)...more


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